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Table 2 Variables related to predisposing factors predicting frequency of patient hospitalizations for any medical condition in 2014–15

From: Risk factors of hospitalization for any medical condition among patients with prior emergency department visits for mental health conditions

Characteristics Total
N (%)
No hospitalizations
(0 times)
N (%)
Moderate hospitalizations
(1–2 times)
N (%)
Frequent hospitalizations
(3+ times)
N (%)
p
Overall 11,367 (100) 6424 (56.5) 4192 (36.9) 751 (6.6)  
Predisposing factors (2014–2015)
 Age      .00
  12–17 years 739 (6.5) 492 (7.7) 2,3 190 (4.5) 1,3 57 (7.6) 1,2  
  18–24 years 1953 (17.2) 1067 (16.6) 751 (17.9) 135 (18.0)  
  25–44 years 4330 (38.1) 2472 (38.5) 1569 (37.4) 289 (38.5)  
  45–64 years 3128 (27.5) 1748 (27.2) 1185 (28.3) 195 (26.0)  
  65 years+ 1217 (10.7) 645 (10.0) 2 497 (11.9) 1 75 (10.0)  
 Sex      .92
  Male 5537 (48.7) 3128 (48.7) 2038 (48.6) 371 (49.4)  
  Female 5830 (51.3) 3296 (51.3) 2154 (51.4) 380 (50.6)  
Deprivation Index:
 Material      .27
  1: Least deprived 2402 (21.1) 1382 (21.5) 860 (20.5) 160 (21.3)  
  2 1747 (15.4) 985 (15.3) 647 (15.4) 115 (15.3)  
  3 2038 (17.9) 1153 (17.9) 761 (18.2) 124 (16.5)  
  4 1978 (17.4) 1134 (17.7) 721 (17.2) 123 (16.4)  
  5: Most deprived 2187 (19.2) 1213 (18.9) 834 (19.9) 140 (18.6)  
  Not assigned a 1015 (8.9) 557 (8.7) 369 (8.8) 89 (11.9)  
 Social      .02
  1: Least deprived 1367 (12.0) 771 (12.0) 502 (12.0) 94 (12.5)  
  2 1257 (11.1) 719 (11.2) 456 (10.9) 82 (10.9)  
  3 1540 (13.5) 907 (14.1) 2 532 (12.5) 1 110 (14.5)  
  4 2528 (22.2) 1445 (22.5) 924 (22.0) 159 (21.2)  
  5: Most deprived 3660 (32.2) 2025 (31.5) 2 1418 (33.8) 1,3 217 (28.9) 2  
  Not assigned a 1015 (8.9) 557 (8.7) 3 369 (8.8) 3 89 (11.9) 1,2  
 Type of emergency department (ED)      .00
  Psychiatric ED without medical services 3296 (29.0) 1829 (28.5) 1250 (29.8) 217 (28.9)  
  Psychiatric ED integrated with a general ED located in a separate site 2039 (17.9) 1238 (19.3) 2,3 696 (16.6) 1 105 (14.0) 1  
  General ED without psychiatric services 2871 (25.3) 1663 (25.9) 1041 (24.8) 167 (22.2)  
  Psychiatric ED merged with a general ED 3161 (27.8) 1694 (26.4) 2,3 1205 (28.7) 1,3 262 (34.9) 1,2  
  1. χ2 Comparisons were produced for each row reporting percentages for categorical variables. Superscript indicates a significant difference at p < .05. For example, the percentage of individuals who were 12–17 years old having no hospitalizations was significantly different than the group with 1–2 or 3+ hospitalizations. No hospitalizations (0 times) = column 1, moderate hospitalizations (1–2 times) = column 2, and frequent hospitalizations (3+ times) = column 3
  2. aThis corresponds to missing address or to residence in an area where index assignment is not available. An index cannot usually be assigned to residents of long-term health care units or homeless individuals