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Table 3 Variables related to enabling factors predicting frequency of patient hospitalizations for any medical condition in 2014–15

From: Risk factors of hospitalization for any medical condition among patients with prior emergency department visits for mental health conditions

Characteristics Total
N (%)
No hospitalization
(0 times)
N (%)
Moderate hospitalizations
(1–2 times)
N (%)
Frequent hospitalizations
(3+ times)
N (%)
p
Overall 11,367 (100) 6424 (56.5) 4192 (36.9) 751 (6.6)  
Enabling factors
 Having a family physician (2014–15) 5534 (48.7) 3157 (49.1) 2016 (48.1) 361 (48.1) .54
 Number of consultations for any medical condition with a general practitioner (GP) in private clinics a      .00
  0 visits 3536 (31.1) 1779 (27.7) 2,3 1461 (34.9) 1,3 296 (39.4) 1,2  
  1–3 visits 4336 (38.1) 2565 (39.9) 2,3 1525 (36.4) 1 246 (32.8) 1  
  4+ visits 3495 (30.7) 2080 (32.4) 2,3 1206 (28.8) 1 209 (27.8) 1  
 Number of outpatient psychiatrist consultations a      .00
  0 consultations 6097 (53.6) 4653 (72.4) 2,3 1297 (30.9) 1,3 147 (19.6) 1,2  
  1–3 consultations 1744 (15.3) 1010 (15.7) 3 664 (15.8) 3 70 (9.3) 1,2  
  4–6 consultations 742 (6.5) 294 (4.6) 2,3 387 (9.2) 1 61 (8.1) 1  
  7+ consultations 2784 (24.5) 467 (7.3) 2,3 1844 (44.0) 1,3 473 (63.0) 1,2  
 Number of GP consulted in primary care a      .00
  0 GPs 3421 (30.1) 1866 (29.0) 2 1311 (31.3) 1 244 (32.5)  
  1–2 GPs 3525 (31.0) 1897 (29.5) 2 1381 (32.9) 1 247 (32.9)  
  3+ GPs 4421 (38.9) 2661 (41.4) 2,3 1500 (35.8) 1 260 (34.6) 1  
 Number of physicians consulted in specialized care a      .00
  0 physicians 4726 (41.6) 3833 (59.7) 2,3 791 (18.9) 1,3 102 (13.6) 1,2  
  1–2 physicians 5466 (48.1) 2176 (33.9) 2,3 2772 (66.1) 1 518 (69.0) 1  
  3+ physicians 1175 (10.3) 415 (6.5) 2,3 629 (15.0) 1 131 (17.4) 1  
 Prior consultations at emergency department (ED) for any medical condition a 8256 (72.6) 4088 (36.0) 2,3 3448 (30.3) 1,3 720 (6.3) 1,2 .00
 Prior hospitalizations for any medical condition a 2461 (21.7) 1365 (21.2) 928 (22.1) 168 (22.1) .49
 Number of overall interventions in local community health service centers a      
  0 interventions 6806 (59.9) 4074 (63.4) 2,3 2387 (56.9) 1,3 345 (45.9) 1,2  
  1–3 interventions 1749 (15.4) 980 (15.3) 668 (15.9) 101 (13.4)  
  4+ interventions 2812 (24.7) 1370 (21.3) 2,3 1137 (27.1) 1,3 305 (40.6) 1,2  
  1. χ2 Comparisons were produced for each row reporting percentages for categorical variables. Superscript indicates a significant difference at p < .05. For example, the percentage of individuals with 0 visits to the GP was significantly different than the one with 1–3 or 4+ visits. No hospitalizations (0 times) = column 1, moderate hospitalizations (1–2 times) = column 2, and frequent hospitalizations (3+ times) = column 3
  2. aMeasured in the 12 months prior to first ED visit in the index year (2014–2015)