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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants

From: The role of trauma experiences, personality traits, and genotype in maintaining posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among child survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake

  Nonrecovered(N = 155) Recovered(N = 60) p Adjusted p
Demographic factors
 Boys 88 (56.8%) 30 (50%) 0.458
 Age 10.58 ± 1.52 10.08 ± 1.52 0.034
 Residence: Town 3 (1.9%) 3 (5.0%) 0.446
 Move to another area after earthquake 60 (38.7%) 19 (31.7%) 0.422
Earthquake exposure
 Saw anyone dead or injured (A2) 120 (77.4%) 42 (70.0%) 0.339 0.711
 Felt others’ panic (A3) 137 (88.4%) 55 (91.7%) 0.651 0.100
 Trapped for a longer period of time (A4) 77 (49.7%) 8 (13.3%) <0.001 <0.001
 Felt one’s own or a family member’s life to be in danger (A5) 128 (82.6%) 56 (93.3%) 0.072 0.039
 Felt unable to escape from the disaster (A6) 114 (73.5%) 34 (56.7%) 0.026 0.061
 Felt extreme panic or fear (A7) 144 (92.9%) 53 (88.3%) 0.418 0.460
 Lost a close family member or friend (A8) 55 (35.5%) 10 (16.7%) 0.011 0.013
 Had a close family member or friend injured (A9) 85 (54.8%) 34 (56.7%) 0.929 0.624
 Lost home or important belongings (A10) 126 (81.3%) 46 (76.7%) 0.569 0.520
 Injured (A11) 27 (17.4%) 6 (10.0%) 0.253 0.216
JEPQ
 Psubscales 0.577 0.355
  Psychoticism 25 (16.1%) 6 (10.0%)   
  Moderate psychoticism 12 (7.7%) 8 (13.3%)   
  Intermediate 73 (47.1%) 27 (45.0%)   
  Moderate socialization 35 (22.6%) 13 (21.7%)   
  Socialization 10 (6.5%) 6 (10.0%)   
 Esubscales < 0.001 < 0.001
  Extraversion 13 (8.4%) 14 (23.3%)   
  Moderate extraversion 18 (11.6%) 16 (26.7%)   
  Intermediate 76 (49.0%) 22 (36.7%)   
  Moderate introversion 21 (13.5%) 6 (10.0%)   
  Introversion 27 (17.4%) 2 (3.3%)   
 Nsubscales < 0.001 < 0.001
  Neuroticism 22 (14.2%) 2 (3.3%)   
  Moderate neuroticism 31 (20.0%) 6 (10.0%)   
  Intermediate 79 (51.0%) 23 (38.3%)   
  Moderate stability 9 (5.8%) 11 (18.3%)   
  Stability 14 (9.0%) 18 (30.0%)   
UCLA-PTSD RI
 Re-experiencing 12.16 ± 2.61 11.80 ± 2.40 0.336
 Avoidance 17.12 ± 3.41 16.02 ± 2.83 0.017
 Increased arousal 13.66 ± 3.06 13.32 ± 2.31 0.378
 Total score 42.94 ± 5.63 41.13 ± 3.84 0.008