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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable analyses to identify factors associated with clinically relevant depressive symptoms among OVAs in CCHs in Nepal

From: Depressive symptoms among orphans and vulnerable adolescents in childcare homes in Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Factor Univariable analysis Multivariable analysis
OR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Sex
 Male 1.00    1.00   
 Female 1.62 1.15–2.28 0.006* 1.96 1.36–2.83 < 0.001*
Age (years)
  < 15 1.00      
  ≥ 15 0.85 0.60–1.19 0.359    
Education
 Primary 1.00      
 Secondary 1.31 0.64–2.69 0.450    
 High School 2.63 0.69–9.94 0.216    
Ethnicity
 Brahmin 1.00      
 Indigenous 1.73 0.91–3.29 0.094    
 Dalit 1.30 0.66–2.54 0.436    
 Chhetri 1.16 0.57–2.33 0.674    
 Others 1.09 0.51–2.30 0.815    
Duration of stay in the child care center (year)
  < 1 1.00      
 1–5 1.22 0.51–2.89 0.652    
 5–10 1.54 0.66–3.57 0.308    
  > 10 1.72 0.68–4.34 0.247    
Knowing parents’ home
 Yes 1.00      
 No 1.49 0.93–2.38 0.094    
Orphanhood status
 No 1.00      
 Yes 0.90 0.64–1.27 0.566    
Relatives
 Yes 1.00      
  No 0.99 0.62–1.58 0.980    
Alcohol use
 Yes 3.84 1.39–10.54 0.009* 3.42 1.16–10.12 0.022*
  No 1.00    1.00   
Smoking
 Yes 5.12 0.90–26.66 0.052    
  No 1.00      
Health problem
 Yes 2.15 1.49–3.11 < 0.001* 2.00 1.36–2.94 < 0.001*
  No 1.00    1.00   
Nutritional status
 Underweight 2.41 0.46–12.52 0.294    
  Normal 3.66 0.82–16.29 0.088    
 Overweight 1.00      
Abuse
 Yes 1.00      
  No 0.55 0.26–1.19 0.133    
Neglect by teacher
 Yes 1.85 1.13–3.03 0.014*    
  No 1.00      
Social support
  Low 1.95 1.21–3.14 0.005* 1.81 1.08–3.03 0.023*
  Good 1.00    1.00   
Bullied by friends
 Yes 2.23 1.44–3.45 < 0.001* 1.97 1.23–3.15 0.005*
 No 1.00    1.00   
  1. * Significance level at α = 0.05