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Table 2 Sample and psychological distress characteristics among adolescents in Morocco

From: Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among a national sample of in-school adolescents in Morocco

Variable Sample Psychological distress
  Both sexes Male Female
N (%) % % %
Socio-demographics
All 6745 23.3 18.0 29.2
 Age in years
  13 or less 1863 (26.8) 16.4 16.5 14.9
  14–15 2212 (31.9) 21.9 14.4 28.6
  16 or more 2558 (41.3) 30.3 21.2 41.0
Psychosocial distress
 No close friends 698 (10.2) 37.6 32.3 48.3
 Bullied in past month
  0 days 3869 (61.5) 15.9 11.1 19.7
  1 or 2 days 1511 (23.8) 29.3 20.0 40.5
  3–30 days 955 (14.7) 45.5 36.7 59.6
 Physically attacked in past year
  0 times 5080 (76.7) 20.2 14.1 25.6
  time 795 (11.5) 32.5 26.6 40.1
  2 or more times 793 (11.7) 38.8 31.6 53.1
 In physical fight in past year
  0 times 64.2 (63.4) 21.7 14.1 26.7
  1 time 18.4 (18.4) 23.2 15.1 35.2
 2 or more times 17.4 (18.2) 31.8 27.4 46.5
Social-environmental factors
 Mostly/always feeling hungry 680 (9.2) 38.5 36.6 42.7
 Low peer support 3085 (45.4) 25.6 18.9 34.0
 Parental emotional neglect 1655 (24.1) 25.1 20.2 34.2
 Parents never check home work 2029 (29.5) 25.7 20.2 33.5
 Parents disrespect privacy 818 (13.1) 30.7 18.0 36.0
 Passive smoking in past week
  0 days 3908 (59.0) 20.8 14.8 26.2
  1–6 days 2104 (31.9) 24.7 18.4 32.2
  All 7 days 580 (9.1) 38.2 30.7 43.4
 School truancy (past month)
  0 days 4584 (69.3) 20.6 14.5 25.7
  1–2 days 1317 (20.6) 28.4 20.0 37.5
  3 or more days 644 (10.1) 36.1 31.6 48.7
Health risk behaviours
 Current tobacco use 913 (13.5) 31.9 29.8 40.4
 Current cannabis use 453 (6.3) 34.1 37.1 37.6
 Ever used amphetamine 464 (7.8) 37.2 36.6 47.9
 Leisure time sedentary behaviour/day
  < 3 h 4574 (67.5) 21.2 16.3 24.9
  3–4 h 1100 (18.7) 26.2 15.6 36.3
  5–7 h 485 (8.4) 31.6 24.6 41.4
  ≥ 8 h 306 (5.4) 39.8 36.9 43.7
 Injury in past 12 months
  0 times 4251 (68.4) 18.1 12.1 22.2
  1 time 1206 (19.5) 29.7 23.2 39.0
  2 or more times 735 (12.1) 39.5 32.2 58.6
 Soft drink intake/day
  0 4488 (67.4) 23.5 16.6 29.4
  1 1033 (15.3) 22.0 17.7 25.8
  2 423 (6.6) 22.9 21.2 31.2
  3 or more 706 (10.6) 27.1 23.5 31.3
 Fast food consumption/week
  0 days 2486 (35.5) 22.3 15.9 26.7
  1 1579 (23.7) 22.4 16.7 26.8
  2 899 (13.8) 23.5 18.3 28.8
  3–7 days 1718 (26.9) 27.0 21.5 35.6
 Fruit and vegetable intake
  < 1 serving/day 560 (8.2) 32.3 24.2 43.0
  1 or 2 2222 (34.1) 25.0 18.8 31.3
  3 or 4 1591 (24.7) 20.5 14.1 26.7
  5 or more 2158 (33.0) 22.0 17.9 25.5