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Table 2 Odd ratios (ORs) for anxiety (HADS-A ≥ 8) and depression (HADS-D ≥ 8) for women with any urinary incontinence (UI), different types and severities of UI versus continence. N = 21,803

From: Urinary incontinence associated with anxiety and depression: the impact of psychotropic drugs in a cross-sectional study from the Norwegian HUNT study

  Anxiety Depression
Unadjusted OR Adjusted* OR Unadjusted OR Adjusted* OR
Continence 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
Any UI 1.46 (1.35–1.57) 1.48 (1.36–1.60) 1.74 (1.58–1.92) 1.58 (1.42–1.76)
Severity of UI
 Slight 1.29 (1.16–1.44) 1.31 (1.17–1.47) 1.14 (0.97–1.32) 1.17 (1.00–1.38)
 Moderate 1.48 (1.31–1.66) 1.52 (1.34–1.72) 1.78 (1.53–2.07) 1.67 (1.42–1.96)
 Severe 1.69 (1.50–1.91) 1.74 (1.52–1.99) 2.61 (2.26–3.00) 2.04 (1.74–2.40)
Type of UI
 Stress 1.24 (1.11–1.37) 1.27 (1.13–1.42) 1.37 (1.19–1.58) 1.38 (1.18–1.60)
 Urgency 1.32 (1.11–1.58) 1.44 (1.20–1.73) 1.78 (1.44–2.20) 1.50 (1.19–1.90)
 Mixed 1.84 (1.66–2.03) 1.84 (1.65–2.05) 2.17 (1.91–2.46) 1.85 (1.61–2.13)
  1. * Adjusted for age, BMI, parity, diabetes, asthma, myocardial infarction, cerebral stroke, chronic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, use of urologic medication and use of estrogen replacement medication