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Table 2 Characteristics of Cancer patients with and without Suicidal Ideation (N = 544)

From: A cross-sectional study on associations of physical symptoms, health self-efficacy, and suicidal ideation among Chinese hospitalized cancer patients

  Without Suicidal With Suicidal t/χ2 p
Ideation (n = 401) Ideation (n = 143)
n % n %
Sex      0.90 0.302
 Men 198 75.6 64 24.4   
 Women 203 72.0 79 28.0   
Age (years)      4.26 0.119
 18–49 68 82.9 14 17.1   
 50–64 204 72.3 78 27.7   
 65+ 129 71.7 51 28.3   
Marital status      7.33 0.026
 Married 330 76.2 103 23.8   
 Separated, divorced, bereaved 53 62.4 32 37.6   
 Never married 18 69.2 8 30.8   
Education      1.22 0.543
 Less than High school 194 72.1 75 27.9   
 High school 105 73.4 38 26.6   
 College or higher 102 77.3 30 22.7   
Residence      3.59 0.058
 City 306 71.8 120 28.2   
 Rural 95 80.5 23 19.5   
Employment status      12.51 0.014
 Employed 85 85.9 14 14.1   
 Unemployed 36 76.6 11 23.4   
 Retired 242 70.6 101 29.4   
 Farm work 36 72.0 14 28.0   
 Other 2 40.0 3 60.0   
Household income monthly      2.14 0.342
 ≤ 3000 102 71.3 41 28.7   
 3000–5000 125 71.4 50 28.6   
 5000+ 174 77.0 52 23.0   
Smoking habits      0.09 0.764
 No 258 74.1 90 25.9   
 Yes 143 73.0 53 27.0   
Drinking habits      1.40 0.237
 No 116 77.3 34 22.7   
 Yes 285 72.3 109 27.7   
Cancer diagnosis      5.40 0.494
 Digestive tract 116 73.4 42 26.6   
 Lung 98 76.0 31 24.0   
 Breast 75 72.8 28 27.2   
 Gynecologic 39 75.0 13 25.0   
 Brain and Neck 21 60.0 14 40.0   
 Leukemia/Lymphoma 23 71.9 9 28.1   
 Other 29 82.9 6 17.1   
Stage of cancer      9.44 0.051
 I 39 75.0 13 25.0   
 II 78 72.2 30 27.8   
 III 132 81.0 31 19.0   
 IV 148 68.2 69 31.8   
 Unknown 4 100.0 0 0.0   
Medical treatment, ever      9.03 0.108
 Surgery only 40 81.6 9 18.4   
 Radion & Surgery + Radion 11 52.4 10 47.6   
 Chemo & Surgery+Chemo 297 75.2 98 24.8   
 Chemo+ Radion 12 66.7 6 33.3   
 Surgery+Chemo+ Radion 33 68.8 15 31.3   
 None of above 8 61.5 5 38.5   
Metastasis      8.83 0.003
 No 198 79.8 50 20.2   
 Yes 203 68.6 93 31.4   
Depression      98.27 < 0.001
 None 381 80.9 90 19.1   
 Mild 19 31.1 42 68.9   
 Moderate or Serious 1 8.3 11 91.7   
 Physical symptoms
 Pain 130 65.3 69 34.7 11.39 0.001
 Shortness of breath 51 60.7 33 39.3 8.66 0.003
 Insomnia 106 64.2 59 35.8 10.96 0.001
 Weakness 127 69.8 55 30.2 2.35 0.077
 Fatigue 100 71.4 40 28.6 0.57 0.258
 Nausea 26 59.1 18 40.9 5.28 0.02
 Lack of appetite 60 57.1 45 42.9 18.44 < 0.001
 Constipation 74 68.5 34 31.5 1.88 0.107
 Diarrhea 29 74.4 10 25.6 0.01 0.547
 Edema 28 75.7 9 24.3 0.08 0.476
 Cough 64 71.1 26 28.9 0.38 0.311
 Vomiting 11 61.1 8 44.4 2.54 0.095
 Fever 6 60.0 4 40.0 0.99 0.253
 Bloated 49 71.0 20 29.0 0.30 0.342
Health Self-efficacy Score      65.43 < 0.001
 High(≥50) 261 87.6 37 12.4   
 Low(<50) 140 56.9 106 43.1   
  1. Bold face p < 0.05