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Table 4 Association between physical symptoms, health self-efficacy, and suicidal ideation (N = 544)

From: A cross-sectional study on associations of physical symptoms, health self-efficacy, and suicidal ideation among Chinese hospitalized cancer patients

Physical symptoms and self-efficacy Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
aOR 95CI p aOR 95CI p aOR 95%CI p
High-level of health SE (score ≥ 50)
 Pain 0.68 0.29 1.56 0.358 0.62 0.26 1.48 0.279 0.60 0.24 1.45 0.252
 Shortness of breath 1.29 0.48 3.49 0.617 1.41 0.51 3.91 0.508 1.39 0.50 3.88 0.533
 Insomnia 2.04 0.91 4.58 0.083 2.01 0.87 4.64 0.102 1.87 0.79 4.44 0.063
 Weakness 0.78 0.34 1.81 0.563 0.83 0.35 2.00 0.679 0.82 0.34 1.98 0.661
 Nausea 0.53 0.06 4.75 0.572 0.37 0.04 3.49 0.382 0.73 0.03 3.29 0.344
 Lack of appetite 2.35 0.99 5.59 0.052 2.47 1.01 6.04 0.047 2.44 0.99 6.00 0.052
Interaction between physial symptoms and health SEa
 Health SE x Pain 3.21 1.20 8.59 0.02 3.03 1.12 8.15 0.028 2.77 0.99 7.74 0.053
 Health SE x Shortness of breath 1.73 0.52 5.77 0.372 1.79 0.54 5.97 0.346 1.82 0.52 6.42 0.351
 Health SE x Insomnia 0.95 0.37 2.44 0.906 0.98 0.38 2.55 0.968 1.05 0.39 2.81 0.931
 Health SE x Weakness 1.60 0.59 4.29 0.355 1.59 0.59 4.30 0.36 1.52 0.54 4.23 0.427
 Health SE x Nausea 5.84 0.57 59.61 0.137 6.02 0.60 60.74 0.128 6.24 0.53 73.16 0.145
 Health SE x Lack of appetite 1.03 0.37 2.89 0.959 1.07 0.38 3.05 0.895 1.03 0.35 3.01 0.964
  1. SE self-efficacy
  2. Bold face p < 0.05
  3. aOR (95CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
  4. Model 1: Adjusted for sex, age, marital status, education attainment, employment and all the other physical sym ptoms
  5. Model 2: Additionally adjusted for clinical variables: metastasis, stage at diagnosis
  6. Model 3: Additionally adjusted for diagnosed depression
  7. aThe interaction between a physical symptom and health self-efficacy (high /low) was tes ted indivi dually