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Table 2 The Rates of Self and Public Stigma of Mental Illness in Pacific Rim Region

From: Stigma of mental illness and cultural factors in Pacific Rim region: a systematic review

Study Country/District Sample Type of Stigma Assessment Rate
Ran et al., 2018 [2] Mainland China 453 persons with schizophrenia in rural community Self-stigma Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) Moderate to severe: 94.7%
Picco et al., 2016 [24] Singapore 280 adults with mental illness Self-stigma Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) Moderate to severe: 43.6%
Alvidrez et al., 2008 [42] USA 34 African Americans with mental illness Self-stigma Self-report 15–68.0%
Mileva, Vázquez & Milev, 2013 [25] Argentine 178 adults with bipolar disorder Self-stigma Inventory of Stigmatizing Experiences (ISE) 36.2–61.7%
Lee et al., 2005 [50] Hong Kong 320 out-patients with schizophrenia Self-stigma Psychiatric Stigma Experience Questionnaire Work-related stigma: 40.2–46.8%; Interpersonal stigma 27.9–68%;
Concealment and anticipated stigmatization: 28.8–69.7%;
Griffiths et al., 2006 [22] Australia 3998 general adults aged over 18 years Public Stigma Perceived stigma scale 35.6–85.2%
  Japan 2000 general adults aged 20 to 69 Public Stigma Perceived stigma scale 30–82%
43.5%
Boge et al., 2018 [23] India 924 general adults in cities Public stigma Link’s Perceived Discrimination and Devaluation Scale (PDDS) 39.7–57.7%
Kurumatani et al., 2004 [31] Japan 129 Japanese elementary school teachers Public stigma Angermeyer and Matschinge questionnaire 36.3%
  Taiwan 150 Taiwanese elementary school teachers Public stigma Angermeyer and Matschinge questionnaire 25.4%
Pang et al., 2017 [28] Singapore 940 general youths from schools Public stigma Social Tolerance Scale 44.5%