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Table 1

From: Core components and strategies for suicide and risk management protocols in mental health research: a scoping review

Core components Strategies References
Peer-reviewed Grey
(1.0) Training (1.1) Research staff training [2, 3, 6, 28,29,30,31,32] [33,34,35,36]
(1.2) Team building [29]  
(1.3) Establishing relevant experience, delineating roles, and ensuring qualifications for the research team [3, 6, 15, 37, 38] [39,40,41]
(1.4) Follow-up and debriefing with research staff [2, 6, 16, 28, 30, 37, 38] [40]
(2.0) Educational Resources: Research Staff (2.1) Resources, procedures, and guidelines [29] [42]
(2.2) Flow charts and algorithms [1, 3, 6, 14, 29, 30] [43,44,45,46]
(2.3) Electronic prompts/Pop-up alerts [30] [46]
(2.4) Templates and general principals [1, 16, 47] [33]
(3.0) Educational Resources: Research Participants (3.1) Written materials [3, 15, 16, 32, 48,49,50] [33, 35, 36, 42, 43, 51]
(3.2) Immediate support services [1, 2, 14, 47, 49, 50, 52, 53] [34, 40, 43, 44, 46]
(3.3) Available mental health services [2, 3, 14, 16, 49, 52,53,54] [41, 43]
(3.4) Social support person [2, 3, 52] [42]
(4.0) Risk Assessment and Management Strategies (4.1) Implementation of a structured and explicit suicide and risk management protocol [6, 14,15,16, 29, 31, 32, 38, 50, 52, 55] [34, 36, 51]
(4.2) Identification of risk level [3, 30, 37, 47, 50, 54] [34, 36, 39, 42, 44, 51]
(4.3) Utilization and scoring of validated risk assessment measures [14, 30, 32, 37, 50, 52, 55] [33, 35, 43, 46]
(5.0) Clinical and Research Oversight (5.1) Use of a data and safety monitoring board or a data monitoring plan [1,2,3, 6, 29, 31] [56]
(5.2) Safety and risk monitoring [6, 16, 29, 37] [46, 56]
(5.3) Clinical back-up during research assessments [1, 6, 14, 29, 30, 37, 38, 50, 54] [44, 56]