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Table 3 Hazard Ratios for Selected Autoimmune Disease By History of PTSD and Combat Deployment, 2001–2015

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of selected autoimmune diseases among US military personnel

 All service membersMenWomen
CasesIRaHRb95% CICasesIRaHRb95% CICasesIRaHRb95% CI
No combat deployment
 No PTSD5341.31.0Referent2620.91.0Referent2722.31.0Referent
 PTSD482.31.51.1, 2.1171.41.30.7, 2.2313.61.61.1, 2.5
Combat deployment
 No PTSD2211.21.0Referent1551.11.0Referent662.01.0Referent
 PTSD612.31.71.2, 2.4391.91.50.9, 2.3223.42.01.1, 3.7
  1. aRate per 1000 person-years
  2. bAdjusted for age, sex, enrollment panel, race/ethnicity, pay grade, service branch, and history of another mental health condition