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Table 4 Hazard Ratios for Any Selected Autoimmune Disease According to History of PTSD and prior trauma, Millennium Cohort Study, 2001–2015

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of selected autoimmune diseases among US military personnel

 All service membersMenWomen
CasesIRaHRb95% CICasesIRaHRb95% CICasesIRaHRb95% CI
No prior trauma 
 No PTSD6421.21.0Referent3841.01.0Referent2582.11.0Referent
 PTSD682.01.51.1, 2.0431.71.30.9, 1.8253.21.71.1, 2.8
Prior trauma
 No PTSD1132.11.0Referent331.21.0Referent802.81.0Referent
 PTSD413.01.61.1, 2.5132.12.10.9, 4.5283.81.50.9, 2.5
  1. a Rate per 1000 person-years
  2. b Adjusted for age, sex, enrollment panel, race/ethnicity, pay grade, service branch, and history of another mental health condition