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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression analysis among adult males in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Factors affecting current khat chewing among male adults 15–59 years in Ethiopia, 2016: a multi-level analysis from Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey

VariableKhat chewingCOR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)
YesNo
Individual-level factors
Age
 15–1933122411.001.001.00
 20–2439414863.0 (2.35, 3.83)2.66 (2.00, 3.52)2.68 (2.02, 3.56)*
 25–2957713986.11 (4.84, 7.72)6.27 (4.58, 8.59)6.24 (4.55, 8.56)*
 30–3450011146.72 (5.26, 8.57)6.74 (4.75, 9.56)6.59 (4.64, 9.36)*
 35–393759965.77 (4.43, 7.51)5.19 (3.56, 7.57)4.92 (3.37, 7.18)*
 40–443178715.94 (4.57, 7.73)5.05 (3.45, 7.42)4.99 (3.40, 7.34)*
 45–492227114.01 (2.98, 5.39)2.91 (1.92, 4.39)2.89 (1.91, 4.37)*
 50–541414344.60 (3.25, 6.49)3.91 (2.45, 6.24)3.81 (2.38, 6.10)*
 55–591163714.49 (3.15, 6.40)4.74 (2.94, 7.65)4.66 (2.89, 7.57)*
Educational level
 No education107826952.09 (1.59, 2.75)1.43 (0.97, 2.11)1.62 (1.10, 2.39)*
 Primary education141944571.39 (1.09, 1.79)1.72 (1.21, 2.43)1.85 (1.30, 2.62)*
 Secondary education30215440.95 (0.74, 1.24)1.28 (0.91, 1.18)1.32 (0.94, 1.87)
 Higher education1769231.001.001.00
Occupation
 Not working868581.001.001.00
 Professional/technical/managerial1145175.54 (3.74, 8.19)3.44 (2.10, 5.65)3.59 (2.18, 5.91)*
 Clerical17807.09 (3.54, 14.19)8.21 (3.59, 18.77)8.49(3.68, 19.55)*
 Sales1525255.20 (3.55, 7.60)2.47 (1.58, 3.86)2.53 (1.61, 3.97)*
 Agriculture – employee216861684.66 (3.43, 6.34)2.50 (1.74, 3.59)2.57 (1.78, 3.72)*
 Services481626.17 (3.68, 10.33)3.23 (1.74, 5.98)3.16 (1.70, 5.89)*
 Skilled manual2056199.92 (6.88, 14.32)5.48 (3.57, 8.40)5.68 (3.68, 8.76)*
 Unskilled manual522275.27 (3.14, 8.83)3.75(2.02, 6.98)4.01 (2.14, 7.54)*
 Others1324665.11 (3.40, 7.68)3.69 (2.31, 5.89)3.70 (2.30, 5.96)*
Religion
 Orthodox32553521.001.001.00
 Catholic11790.15 (0.06, 0.38)0.19 (0.06, 0.60)0.16 (0.05, 0.48)*
 Protestant9826480.13 (0.09, 0.19)0.26 (0.17, 0.40)0.2 (0.13, 0.31)*
 Muslin250514118.78 (7.04, 10.94)21.59 (16.00, 9.19)18.30 (13.54, 4.74)*
 Traditional+other371290.50 (0.06, 0.09)0.60 (0.20, 1.85)0.43 (0.14, 1.31)
Sex of household head
 Male265883761.56 (1.30, 1.88)1.01 (0.81, 1.27)1.03 (0.82, 1.30)
 Female31712441.001.00 
Wealth Index
 Poorest62113581.001.001.00
 Poorer66016340.64 (0.50, 0.81)0.71(0.54, 0.93)0.67(0.51, 0.89)*
 Middle61618110.69(0.54, 0.88)0.84(0.63, 1.12)0.80(0.60, 1.08)
 Richer49522170.56(0.43, 0.72)0.81(0.60, 1.10)0.76(0.56, 1.03)
 Richest58226000.74(0.55, 1.00)1.18(0.83, 1.68)0.94(0.63, 1.39)
Current marital status
 Never in union85440361.001.001.00
 Married181451542.40 (2.09, 2.75)0.81 (0.63, 1.04)0.83 (0.64, 1.06)
 Living with partner2451762.98 (1.89, 4.70)1.44 (0.83, 2.50)1.27 (0.74, 2.19)
 Widowed12324.69 (1.75, 12.58)1.20 (0.36, 4.0201.17 (0.34, 3.94)
 Divorced361891.29 (0.76, 2.19)0.35 (0.19, 0.65)0.38 (0.21, 0.69)*
 No longer living together/separated13333.17 (1.27, 7.88)1.86 (0.64, 5.37)1.88 (0.62, 5.65)
Alcohol drinking in the last 30 days
 Yes47849491.12(0.95, 1.33)1.91(1.50, 2.43)2.15(1.69, 2.73)*
 No249646711.001.001.00
Smoking cigarette in the last 30 days
 Yes52612921.62 (16.01, 29.18)16.87 (12.30, 23.14)10.79 (8.61,13.51)*
 No244994911.001.001.00
Community-level factors
Residence
 Urban48220142.13(1.31, 3.45)1.01(0.58, 1.75)1.17(0.66, 2.07)
 Rural249376061.00  
Region
 Oromia187528391.001.001.00
 Tigray197760.01 (0.01,0.03)0.01 (0.01,0.03)0.03 (0.01, 0.07)*
 Afar28540.93 (0.35, 2.45)0.93 (0.35, 2.45)0.28 (0.11, 0.68)*
 Amhara30429020.04 (0.02, 0.09)0.04 (0.02, 0.09)0.07 (0.04, 0.14)*
 Somali1421841.60 (0.76, 3.39)1.60 (0.76, 3.39)0.36 (0.18, 0.70)*
 Benishangul221020.26 (0.10, 0.68)0.26 (0.10, 0.68)0.14 (0.06, 0.35)*
 SNNPR39221940.10 (0.05, 0.21)0.10 (0.05, 0.21)0.53 (0.29, 0.99)*
 Gambella8290.30 (0.08, 1.10)0.30 (0.08, 1.11)0.78 (0.21, 2.94)
 Harari23811.04 (3.11,39.16)10.99 (3.02, 40.00)6.97 (1.91, 25.43)*
 Addis Ababa1185030.41 (0.19, 0.87)0.41(0.17, 0.99)0.30 (0.14, 0.66)*
 Dire Dawa45274.65 (1.74, 12.37)4.62 (1.64, 13.02)2.77 (1.05, 7.30)*
  1. * P-value < 0.05