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Table 1 Percent of participants experienced anxiety and depression by background characteristics

From: Suicidality among gender minorities in Karnataka, South India

Characteristics Total Overall anxiety Overall depression
Low/medium High p Low/medium High p
Total 282 54.6 45.4   67.5 32.5  
Age of the respondents
  < 30 years 135 56.3 43.7 0.586 65.6 34.4 0.523
 30+ years 147 53.1 46.9   69.3 30.7  
Education level
 Little or no formal education 50 34.0 66.0 0.003 40.4 59.6 0.000
 5–9 years schooling 67 64.2 35.8   75.4 24.6  
 10+ years schooling 165 57.0 43.0   72.3 27.7  
Main source of income
 Service/business/trade 104 58.7 41.3 0.073 64.6 35.4 0.866
 Basti 63 63.5 36.5   68.3 31.7  
 Sex work 51 41.2 58.8   68.0 32.0  
 Others 64 50.0 50.0   71.0 29.0  
Religion
 Hindu 241 52.7 47.3 0.118 66.7 33.3 0.467
 Others 41 65.9 34.1   72.5 27.5  
Personal identity
Kothi 174 55.7 44.3 0.626 66.5 33.5 0.637
Hijra 108 52.8 47.2   69.2 30.8  
Current marital status
 Currently living with spouse 41 46.3 53.7 0.394 68.3 31.7 0.034
 Ever married, but currently not living with spouse 32 50.0 50.0   46.7 53.3  
 Never married 209 56.9 43.1   70.5 29.5  
Living status
 Living with family/spouse 137 54.0 46.0 0.400 66.9 33.1 0.068
 Living alone/with a male partner 111 58.6 41.4   73.6 26.4  
 Living with guru 33 45.5 54.5   51.6 48.4  
Status of living in the city
 Since birth 132 54.5 45.5 0.829 69.5 30.5 0.314
 Migrated to the city 139 53.2 46.8   63.6 36.4  
Like to change physical appearance
 No 194 56.2 43.8 0.430 69.4 30.6 0.342
 Yes 88 51.1 48.9   63.5 36.5  
Alcohol consumption
 Never/Less often 217 58.1 41.9 0.033 69.7 30.3 0.163
 Everyday 65 43.1 56.9   60.3 39.7