Skip to main content

Table 1 Prevalence of traumatic life events according to the sex of adolescents from public and private schools in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil (n=862)

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder among adolescents in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Variables female (%) male (%) p.value*
Being in a landslidea that badly damaged the building you were in (n = 858) 5.9 (n = 36) 9.8 (n = 28) .067
Being in another kind of disaster, like a fire, tornado, flood or hurricane (n = 856) 14.8 (n = 90) 17.4 (n = 51) .404
Being in a bad accident, like a very serious car accident (n = 859) 11.3 (n = 63) 19.8 (n = 60) .000
Being in place where armed conflict (shootings) was going on around you (n = 859) 40.9 (n = 230) 49.2 (n = 144) .017
Being hit, punched, or kicked very hard at home (DO NOT INCLUDE ordinary fights between brothers and sisters) (n = 858) 24.2 (n = 137) 24.2 (n = 70) .989
Seeing a family member being hit, punched or kicked very hard at home (DO NOT INCLUDE ordinary fights between brothers and sisters) (n = 855) 29.6 (n = 164) 27.3 (n = 79) .049
Being beaten up, shot at or threatened to be hurt badly in your town (n = 859) 10.9 (n = 65) 22.6 (n = 62) .001
Seeing someone in your town being beaten up, shot at or killed (n = 853) 41.9 (n = 229) 44.5 (n = 135) .442
Seeing a dead body in your town (n = 858) 56.5 (n = 314) 70.7 (n = 209) .000
Having an adult or someone much older touch your private sexual body parts when you did not want them to (n = 860) 10.2 (n = 60) 9.6 (n = 28) .760
Hearing about the violent death or serious injury of a loved one (n = 856) 54.6 (n = 299) 43.6 (n = 140) .001
Having painful and scary medical treatment in a hospital when you were very sick or badly injured (n = 859) 13.8 (n = 81) 21.9 (n = 65) .003
Other traumatic situations (n = 851) 22. (n = 117) 23.7 (n = 64) .692
  1. *p.values from Pearson’s chi-squared test statistics;
  2. aEarthquake was replaced to landslide to adapt to the Brazilian context