Skip to main content

Table 1 Sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics of young people from the Kenyan coast by HIV status, n = 812

From: Prevalence, risk and protective indicators of common mental disorders among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Total sample
n = 812
HIV status  
HIV uninfected youths, n = 406 HIV infected youths, n = 406 p-value#
Study sites
 Kilifi 403 (49.6) 200 (49.3) 203 (50.0) 0.83
 Mombasa 409 (50.4) 206 (50.7) 203 (50.0)  
Age -years, mean (SD) 20.9 (2.1) 21.0 (1.9) 20.8 (2.2) 0.13
Sex
 Male 400 (49.3) 224 (55.2) 176 (43.4) < 0.01
 Female 412 (50.7) 182 (44.8) 230 (56.7)  
Marital status, OM = 2
Never married 670 (82.7) 358 (88.6) 312 (76.9) < 0.01
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 32 (4.0) 8 (2.0) 24 (5.9)  
Married/cohabiting 108 (13.3) 38 (9.4) 70 (17.2)  
Education level
Tertiary 193 (23.8) 130 (32.0) 63 (15.5) < 0.01
Secondary 354 (43.6) 179 (44.1) 175 (43.1)  
Primary 253 (31.2) 93 (22.9) 160 (39.4)  
None 12 (1.5) 4 (1.0) 8 (2.0)  
Employment
 Formally employed 27 (3.3) 11 (2.7) 16 (3.9) 0.16
 Self-employed 94 (11.6) 52 (12.8) 42 (10.3)  
 Student 303 (37.3) 162 (39.9) 141 (34.7)  
 Unemployed 388 (47.8) 181 (44.6) 207 (51.0)  
Parental loss
Both parents alive 429 (52.8) 308 (75.9) 121 (29.8) < 0.01
One parent alive 238 (29.3) 85 (20.9) 153 (37.7)  
Both parents died 145 (17.9) 13 (3.2) 132 (32.5)  
Living arrangement
Family/Relative 720 (88.7) 359 (88.4) 361 (88.9) 0.91
Friend/non-relative 17 (2.1) 8 (2.0) 9 (2.2)  
Alone 75 (9.2) 39 (9.6) 36 (8.9)  
Negative life events
None 80 (9.9) 51 (12.6) 29 (7.1) < 0.01
1–5 events 476 (58.6) 255 (62.8) 221 (54.4)  
6+ events 256 (31.5) 100 (24.6) 156 (38.4)  
Asset index score a – mean (SD) 2.4 (1.6) 2.6 (1.6) 2.2 (1.6) < 0.01
Social support score b – mean (SD) 71.6 (8.7) 72.1 (7.8) 71.1 (9.5) 0.09
Quality of life score c – mean (SD) 78.8 (15.3) 82.7 (12.0) 74.8 (17.2) < 0.01
  1. All numbers are reported as frequencies with percentages unless otherwise specified
  2. # p-values are for the difference between HIV infected and uninfected youths by sample characteristic
  3. based on Fisher’s exact test, SD standard deviation, OM observation with missing value, a – score range = 0 to 7, higher scores indicate better socioeconomic status, b – score range = 24 to 96, higher scores indicate more perceived social support, c – higher scores indicate better state of perceived health