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Table 3 Prevalence of common mental disorders in YLWH versus their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast

From: Prevalence, risk and protective indicators of common mental disorders among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: a cross-sectional study

  HIV uninfected youths, n = 406 HIV infected youths, n = 406 p-value
Frequency Prevalence (95% CI) Frequency Prevalence (95% CI)
Severity of depressive symptoms
 Mild 86 21.2 (17.5, 25.4) 130 32.0 (27.6, 36.7) < 0.001
 Moderate 34 8.4 (6.0, 11.5) 78 19.2 (15.7, 23.4)
 Moderately severe 12 3.0 (1.7, 5.1) 30 7.4 (5.2, 10.4)
 Severe 3 0.7 (0.2, 2.3) 9 2.2 (1.2, 4.2)
Positive depression screen (cut-off score ≥ 10)
 Yes 49 12.1 (9.2, 15.6) 117 28.8 (24.6, 33.4) < 0.001#
Severity of GAD symptoms
 Mild 98 24.1 (20.2, 28.6) 138 34.0 (29.5, 38.8) < 0.001
 Moderate 20 4.9 (3.2, 7.5) 54 13.3 (10.3, 17.0)
 Severe 11 2.7 (1.5, 4.8) 23 5.7 (3.8, 8.4)
Positive GAD screen (cut-off score ≥ 10)
 Yes 31 7.6 (5.4, 10.7) 77 19.0 (15.4, 23.1) < 0.001#
Positive screen for comorbid depressive and GAD symptoms
 Yes 19 4.7 (3.0, 7.2) 65 16.0 (12.7, 19.9) < 0.001#
  1. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, GAD Generalized anxiety disorder
  2. based on Fisher’s exact test
  3. # based on prtest, a two-sample test of differences in proportion using defined binary groups