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Table 4 Association between HIV status and common mental disorders among young people from Kenyan coast

From: Prevalence, risk and protective indicators of common mental disorders among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: a cross-sectional study

  Positive screen for depressivesymptoms Positive screen for GAD symptoms Positive CMD comorbidity a
Covariate Crude analysis
OR (95% CI)
Adjustedanalysisb
aOR (95% CI)
Crude analysis
OR (95% CI)
Adjustedanalysisb
aOR (95% CI)
Crude analysis
OR (95% CI)
Adjustedanalysisb
aOR (95% CI)
HIV status
 Negative Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Positive 2.95** (2.04, 4.26) 1.77* (1.13, 2.79) 2.83** (1.82, 4.41) 1.51 (0.88, 2.58 3.88** (2.28, 6.61) 2.07* (1.11, 3.88)
Sex
 Male   Ref   Ref   Ref
 Female   1.41 (0.95, 2.09)   1.70* (1.06, 2.72)   2.16* (1.26, 3.70)
Education
Secondary   Ref   Ref   Ref
Tertiary   1.16 (0.68, 1.97)   1.56 (0.84, 2.91)   1.77 (0.88, 3.56)
Primary   1.77* (1.13, 2.76)   1.67 (0.98, 2.83)   2.12* (1.17, 3.84)
None   2.20 (0.52, 9.27)   2.33 (0.49, 11.04)   0.78 (0.08, 7.31)
Employment
 Student   Ref   Ref   Ref
 Self-employed   0.68 (0.33, 1.38)   1.24 (0.55, 2.79)   0.62 (0.23, 1.67)
 Formally employed   1.10 (0.40, 3.00)   1.95 (0.65, 5.80)   1.59 (0.50, 5.13)
 Unemployed   1.14 (0.73, 1.80)   1.45 (0.83, 2.54)   1.12 (0.61, 2.06)
Parental loss
 Both parents alive   Ref   Ref   Ref
 One parent alive   1.32 (0.83, 2.09)   1.83* (1.06, 3.15)   1.83 (0.99, 3.39)
 Both parents died   1.80* (1.06, 3.06)   2.40* (1.30, 4.44)   2.26* (1.15, 4.45)
Negative life events
 Nonec   0.20* (0.05, 0.87)   1.00   1.00
 1–5 events   Ref   Ref   Ref
 6+ events   4.26** (2.89, 6.27)   4.00** (2.54, 6.31)   3.80** (2.28, 6.35)
n of the final model   812   732   732
Hosmer-LemeshowTest   X2 = 218.73; p = 0.26   X2 = 168.42; p = 0.48   X2 = 170.68; p = 0.43
Variance explained   17.1%   15.0%   16.7%
  1. GAD Generalized anxiety disorder, CMD Common mental disorder, OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, Ref reference group
  2. * - p value< 0.05, ** - p value <0.001
  3. a - co-occurrence of positive screen for depressive and anxiety symptoms
  4. b − adjusted for sex, level of education, employment, death of parent(s) and negative life events (in the past 1 year)
  5. c − for this category, no participant screened positive for anxiety or comorbidity symptoms, hence predicted failure perfectly and consequently 80 observations were not used