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Table 2 Factor loading for the exploratory six-factor model (N = 3633)

From: Personality inventory for DSM-5 brief form(PID-5-BF) in Chinese students and patients: evaluating the five-factor model and a culturally informed six-factor model

Item Factor
NA IR De An Ps Di
9. I get emotional easily, often for very little reason. 0.70 0.05 0.00 −0.07 0.12 0.02
15. I get irritated easily by all sorts of things. 0.50 0.00 0.23 0.10 −0.03 0.02
10. I fear being alone in life more than anything else. 0.01 0.61 −0.02 −0.01 − 0.02 0.02
19. I crave attention. 0.06 0.47 −0.11 0.09 0.01 −0.00
4. I often feel like nothing I do really matters. −0.05 0.06 0.44 0.01 0.01 0.17
13. I steer clear of romantic relationships. 0.04 −0.11 0.36 −0.10 0.21 −0.01
14. I’m not interested in making friends. 0.06 −0.12 0.58 0.07 0.01 0.00
16. I don’t like to get too close to people. 0.04 −0.08 0.43 0.03 0.21 −0.10
18. I rarely get enthusiastic about anything. −0.02 0.03 0.59 −0.01 0.12 0.02
17. It’s no big deal if I hurt other peoples’ feelings. 0.04 0.01 0.28 0.43 −0.12 0.07
20. I often have to deal with people who are less important than me. 0.08 0.14 0.06 0.30 0.23 −0.06
22. I use people to get what I want. 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.61 0.03 0.10
25. It is easy for me to take advantage of others. −0.05 0.00 −0.02 0.65 0.22 −0.02
7. My thoughts often don’t make sense to others. 0.04 −0.06 0.07 0.01 0.45 0.17
12. I have seen things that weren’t really there. 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.16 0.42 −0.01
21. I often have thoughts that make sense to me but that other people say are strange. −0.02 − 0.05 −0.08 0.14 0.61 0.08
23. I often “zone out” and then suddenly come to and realize that a lot of time has passed. 0.04 0.14 0.03 −0.14 0.52 0.10
24. Things around me often feel unreal, or more real than usual. −0.00 0.10 0.05 0.02 0.63 −0.03
1. People would describe me as reckless. 0.15 −0.05 −0.15 0.06 −0.03 0.55
2. I feel like I act totally on impulse. 0.15 −0.01 −0.01 0.01 0.02 0.56
3. Even though I know better, I can’t stop making rash decisions. 0.07 0.07 0.05 −0.01 0.20 0.37
5. Others see me as irresponsible. −0.02 −0.00 0.23 0.07 0.07 0.35
6. I’m not good at planning ahead. −0.07 0.12 0.17 −0.14 0.00 0.46
8. I worry about almost everything. 0.17 0.19 0.22 0.14 0.04 0.06
11. I get stuck on one way of doing things, even when it’s clear it won’t work. 0.06 0.16 0.24 0.05 0.12 0.21
  1. NA Negative Affect, IR Interpersonal Relationships, De Detachment, An Antagonism, Ps Psychoticism, Di Disinhibition
  2. Bold represents the largest factor loading in each item as well as > 0.30