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Table 2 Frequencies of abuse exposure in each of the developmental phases for the four conduct problem trajectories

From: Associations between developmental timing of child abuse and conduct problem trajectories in a UK birth cohort

  Low n (%) CL n (%) AO n (%) EOP n (%)
Any abuse (N = 3172)
 Childhood-only 118 (4.7) 33 (7.7) 13 (9.0) 12 (10.9)
 Adolescence-only 140 (5.6) 26 (6.1) 11 (7.6) 8 (7.3)
 ‘Persistent’ 161 (6.5) 43 (10.0) 30 (20.8) 25 (22.7)
Physical abuse (N = 3275)
 Childhood-only 88 (3.4) 21 (4.7) 11 (7.5) 11 (9.5)
 Adolescence-only 55 (2.1) 10 (2.2) 7 (4.8) 9 (7.8)
 ‘Persistent’ 95 (3.7) 28 (6.2) 20 (13.6) 16 (13.8)
Psychological abuse (N = 3295)
 Childhood-only 50 (1.9) 18 (4.0) 7 (4.7) 10 (8.6)
 Adolescence-only 48 (1.9) 12 (2.7) 8 (5.3) 7 (6.0)
 ‘Persistent’ 80 (3.1) 20 (4.5) 17 (11.3) 16 (13.8)
Sexual abuse (N = 3279)
 Childhood-only 49 (1.9) 14 (3.1) 5 (3.4) <  5
 Adolescence-only 111 (4.3) 24 (5.4) 8 (5.4) 5 (4.5)
 ‘Persistent’ 29 (1.1) 10 (2.2) <  5 <  5
  1. Note. Sample sizes based on complete data. Cells with a count of < 5 were not included in subsequent analyses. Childhood-only Before age 11 years, Adolescence-only Between ages 11–17 years, ‘Persistent’ Before age 11 years AND between ages 11–17 years, AO Adolescence-onset, CL Childhood-limited, EOP Early-onset persistent