Skip to main content

Table 1 demographics and depressive, anxiety, and insomnia symptoms between general population and population in quarantine (N = 3417)

From: Depressive, anxiety, and insomnia symptoms between population in quarantine and general population during the COVID-19 pandemic: a case-controlled study

Demographics/Scales Population in quarantine (N = 1674) General population (N = 1743) t/χ2 p Effect sizes (Phi/Cohen’ s d)
Age, mean ± SD 32.6 ± 9.3 32.7 ± 10.7 0.15 0.88 0.00
Female, N (%) 834 (49.8%) 833 (47.8%) 1.49 0.24 0.02
Education (college or above), N (%) 1041 (62.2%) 1115 (64.0%) 1.68 0.28 0.02
Married, N (%) 880 (52.6%) 862 (49.5%) 3.31 0.07 0.03
Household income (>  7000 yuan / month) 1442 (86.1%) 1499 (86.0%) 0.01 0.91 0.00
Any chronic medical disease, N (%) 35 (2.1%) 43 (2.5%) 6.50 0.09 0.08
Hypertension 2 (0.1%) 10 (0.6%) 5.04 0.03 0.04
Diabetes 2 (0.1%) 5(0.3%) 1.18 0.45 0.02
Other chronic Physical conditions 31 (1.9%) 28 (1.6%) 0.30 0.58 0.01
PHQ-9, mean ± SD 6.1 ± 5.5 3.0 ± 3.7 −22.46 0.00 0.77
GAD-7, mean ± SD 4.2 ± 4.7 1.9 ± 3.7 −16.12 0.00 0.55
ISI, mean ± SD 5.5 ± 5.8 3.1 ± 5.0 −12.46 0.00 0.43