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Table 1 Characteristics of the Original Sample

From: The invisible scars of emotional abuse: a common and highly harmful form of childhood maltreatment

Sample characteristics n Mean (SE)/%
Age – years (18–52 years) 443 21.2 (0.2)
Sex
 Female 350 79
 Male 93 21
Childhood Maltreatment (CM)
 Without CM 115 26
 At least one CM 328 74
 Physical Abuse 132 29.8
 Sexual Abuse 94 21.2
 Emotional Abuse 260 58.7
 Physical Neglect 92 20.8
 Emotional Neglect 187 42.2
 Two or more CM 223 50.3
Mean quantity of types of traumatic events after 12 years (SE) 443 5.6 (0.1)