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Table 7 Predicting PTSD Symptoms: Bivariate and Multivariate Negative Binomial Regression for the Prediction of PTSD Severity

From: The invisible scars of emotional abuse: a common and highly harmful form of childhood maltreatment

PTSD Bivariate Model Multivariate Model (raw) Multivariate Model (adjusted)
IRR 95% CI p-value IRR 95% CI p-value IRR 95% CI p-value
Physical Abuse 1.33 [1.03–1.72] 0.026 1.01 [0.79–1.30] 0.911 1.00 [0.78–1.28] 0.981
Sexual Abuse 1.80 [1.33–2.42] 0.000 1.56 [1.16–2.09] 0.003 1.48 [1.10–1.99] 0.010
Emotional Abuse 1.94 [1.56–2.40] 0.000 1.76 [1.39–2.22] 0.000 1.77 [1.40–2.23] 0.000
Physical Neglect 1.72 [1.30–2.28] 0.000 1.34 [1.00–1.79] 0.052 1.29 [0.96–1.73] 0.087
Emotional Neglect 1.48 [1.18–1.86] 0.001 0.96 [0.74–1.23] 0.729 0.96 [0.75–1.23] 0.756