Skip to main content

Table 1 Related factors of adolescent high depressive symptomatology in Hubei province

From: Psycho-social factors associated with high depressive symptomatology in female adolescents and gender difference in adolescent depression: an epidemiological survey in China’s Hubei Province

Correlates Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
High depressive symptomatology (N = 1393) Low Depressive symptomatology (N = 2707) P Adjusted OR (95%CI) P
Rural areas, N (%) 626 (44.9) 1298 (47.9) 0.067 1.065 (0.900 ~ 1.259) 0.464
Age, y (IQR) 14 (13 ~ 14) 13 (13 ~ 14) <  0.001* 1.150 (1.062 ~ 1.260) 0.001*
Female, N (%) 690 (49.5) 1084 (40.0) <  0.001* 1.444 (1.260 ~ 1.655) <  0.001*
Boarding status, N (%) 443 (31.8) 894 (33.3) 0.429   
Key class, N (%) 645 (46.3) 1127 (41.6) 0.004* 1.128 (0.980 ~ 1.299) 0.093
Three generational household, N (%) 1070 (76.8) 2096 (77.4) 0.656   
Single parent family, N (%) 221 (14.4) 228 (8.4) <  0.001* 1.870 (1.524 ~ 2.294) <  0.001*
Current caregivers, N (%)    0.797   
 Parents 1160 (83.3) 2233 (82.5)    
 Grandparents 203 (14.6) 416 (15.4)    
 Other relatives 30 (2.2) 58 (2.1)    
Sibling children, N (%) 769 (55.2) 1512 (55.9) 0.691   
Left behind types, N (%)    0.109   
 Un-left-behind 933 (67.0) 1896 (70.0)    
 Father absent 94 (6.7) 149 (5.5)    
 Mother absent 42 (3.0) 62 (2.30    
 Both absent 324 (23.3) 600 (22.2)    
Father’s education level, N (%)    0.265   
 Primary School and Below 140 (10.1) 236 (8.7)    
 Junior middle school 427 (32.1) 915 (33.8)    
 Senior middle school 362 (26.0) 738 (27.3)    
 College degree and above 444 (31.9) 818 (30.2)    
Mother’s education level, N (%)    0.665   
 Primary School and Below 264 (19.0) 514 (19.0)    
 Junior middle school 387 (27.8) 800 (29.6)    
 Senior middle school 352 (25.3) 662 (24.5)    
 College degree and above 390 (28.0) 731 (27.0)    
Physical activity, N (%) 242 (17.4) 650 (24.0) <  0.001* 0.678 (0.572 ~ 0.804) <  0.001*
Birth order, N (%)    0.414   
 Only children 624 (44.8) 1195 (44.1)    
 Eldest children 375 (26.9) 683 (25.2)    
 Middle children 116 (8.3) 250 (9.2)    
 Youngest children 278 (20.0) 579 (21.4)    
Having younger brother(s), N (%) 373 (26.8) 593 (25.6) 0.416   
Having younger sister(s), N (%) 209 (15.0) 384 (14.2) 0.481   
Having elder brother(s), N (%) 205 (14.7) 395 (14.6) 0.915   
Having elder sister(s), N (%) 268 (19.2) 583 (21.5) 0.086 1.014 (0.856 ~ 1.202) 0.869
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant at p <  0.05 level, two-sided