Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of male and female adolescents

From: Psycho-social factors associated with high depressive symptomatology in female adolescents and gender difference in adolescent depression: an epidemiological survey in China’s Hubei Province

Variables Male (N = 2326) Female (N = 1774) P
Rural areas, N (%) 1193 (51.3) 731 (41.2) <  0.001*
Age, y (IQR) 13 (13 ~ 14) 13 (13 ~ 14) 0.707
Boarding status, N (%) 862 (37.1) 475 (26.8) <  0.001*
Key class, N (%) 931 (40.0) 841 (47.4) <  0.001*
Three generational household, N (%) 1795 (77.2) 1371 (77.3) 0.933
Single parent family, N (%) 264 (11.3) 165 (9.3) 0.034*
Current caregivers, N (%)    0.001*
 Parents 1883 (81.0) 1510 (85.1)  
 Grandparents 381 (16.4) 238 (13.4)  
 Other relatives 62 (2.7) 26 (1.5)  
Sibling children, N (%) 1280 (55.0) 1001 (56.4) 0.373
Left behind types, N (%)    0.151
 Un-left-behind 1576 (67.8) 1253 (70.6)  
 Father absent 139 (6.0) 104 (5.9)  
 Mother absent 57 (2.9) 47 (2.6)  
 Both absent 554 (23.8) 370 (20.9)  
Father’s education level, N (%)    <  0.001*
 Primary School and Below 233 (10.0) 143 (8.1)  
 Junior middle school 836 (35.9) 526 (29.7)  
 Senior middle school 608 (26.1) 492 (27.7)  
 College degree and above 649 (27.9) 613 (34.6)  
Mother’s education level, N (%)    <  0.001*
 Primary School and Below 486 (20.9) 292 (16.5)  
 Junior middle school 707 (30.4) 480 (27.1)  
 Senior middle school 552 (23.7) 462 (26.0)  
 College degree and above 581 (25.0) 540 (30.4)  
Physical activity, N, (%) 616 (26.5) 276 (15.6) <  0.001*
Birth order, N, (%)    <  0.001
 Only children 1046 (45.0) 773 (43.6)  
 Eldest children 444 (19.1) 614 (31.6)  
 Middle children 235 (10.1) 131 (7.4)  
 Youngest children 601 (25.8) 256 (14.4)  
Having younger brother(s), N, (%) 466 (20.0) 600 (33.8) <  0.001*
Having younger sister(s), N, (%) 358 (15.4) 235 (13.2) 0.053
Having elder brother(s), N, (%) 355 (15.3) 254 (13.8) 0.193
Having elder sister(s), N, (%) 640 (27.5) 211 (11.9) <  0.001*
High depressive symptomatology, N, (%) 703 (30.2) 690 (38.9) <  0.001
  1. *Statistically significant at p <  0.05 level, two-sided