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Table 2 Univariate analysis

From: Who is the main caregiver of the mother during the doing-the-month: is there an association with postpartum depression?

Variables Depressed
n = 352(26.6%)
Non-depressed
n = 973 (73.4%)
OR 95% CI P
Age 27.9 (4.6) 28.0 (4.6) 0.994 0.968–1.021 0.67
Caregiver of puerperal women
 Mother 117 (33.2) 364 (37.4) ref   
 Yuesao 41 (11.7) 106 (10.9) 1.203 0.794–1.825 0.3835
 Mother-in-law 169 (48.0) 421 (43.3) 1.249 0.949–1.643 0.1123
 Other relatives 25 (7.1) 82 (8.4) 0.949 0.579–1.554 0.8339
Education level
 ≥High school 262 (74.9) 725 (75.2))    
 < High school 88 (25.1) 239 (24.8) 1.019 0.768–1.351 0.8965
Household registration
 Native 102 (30.3) 271 (29.0)    
 Immigrant 235 (69.7) 663 (71.0) 0.942 0.717–1.236 0.6652
Household income (yuan/month)
 ≥10,000 84 (24.9) 327 (35.4))    
 <  10,000 253 (75.1) 596 (64.6) 1.652 1.247–2.189 0.0005
Occupation
 Employed 259 (75.3) 693 (72.9)    
 Housewife 85 (24.7) 258 (27.1) 0.882 0.664–1.171 0.3836
Smoking
 No 339 (96.3) 955 (98.4)    
 Yes 13 (3.7) 16 (1.6) 0.437 0.208–0.917 0.0287
Drinking
 No 336 (95.4) 949 (97.9)    
 Yes 16 (4.6) 20 (2.1) 0.442 0.227–0.864 0.0169
Medical insurance
 Yes 185 (54.7) 515 (55.4)    
 No 153 (45.3) 415 (44.6) 1.026 0.799–1.318 0.8387
Parity
 Primiparous 81 (24.2) 169 (18.1)    
 Parous 254 (75.8) 767 (81.9) 0.691 0.512–0.933 0.0159
Delivery mode
 Vaginal delivery 218 (65.5) 566 (60.2)    
 Caesarean section 115 (34.5) 374 (39.8) 0.798 0.615–1.036 0.0907
Infant’s sex
 Male 133 (55.4) 337 (55.7)    
 Female 107 (44.6) 268 (44.3) 1.012 0.749–1.367 0.9399
Infant’s weight 3.3 (0.5) 3.4 (0.5) 0.821 0.631–1.070 0.1444
Living situation
 Living only with husband 147 (43.2) 442 (46.9) ref   
 Living with puerperal women’s parents 59 (17.4) 192 (20.7) 0.910 0.644–1.286 0.5920
 Living with puerperal women’s parents-in-law 134 (39.4) 306 (32.5) 1.317 0.999–1.735 0.0505
Social support 39.2 (7.4) 42.7 (6.6) 0.930 0.913–0.948 <.0001
Stress during pregnancy 25.7 (15.2) 10 (4.20) 1.060 1.050–1.071 <.0001
  1. Values are means (SD) for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables