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Table 1 Study characteristics of included studies (n = 13)

From: A systematic review of the latent structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) amongst adolescents

Author N Age
(Mean ± SD;
Range)
% female Country Study sample and/or method of data collection Language of scale
Barkmann et al. (2008) [11] 2863 Mean: NR
Range: 7–17
Germany German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (random sampling) German
Cheng et al. (2012) [12] (Cheng et al., 2012) 10,116 Mean: NR
Range: 12–18
51.1% Taiwan Project for Health of Adolescents in Southern Taiwan (random sampling) Chinese
Crockett et al. (2005) [13] 10,691 Mean: NR
Range: 12–18
50.8% USA National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (subsample of Anglo-, Mexican-, Cuban- and Puerto Rican- Americans) English
Dardas et al. (2019) [14] 3292 Mean: 15.7 ± 1.1
Range: 13–17
53.6% Jordan Questionnaires administered in schools (type = NR) Arabic
Faulstich et al. (1986) [15] 148 Mean: 13.9 ± 2.3
Range: 8–17
22.0% USA Child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients in large southern US city English
Ghazali et al. (2016) [16] 931 Mean: 15 ± 1.5
Range: 13–17
62.2% Malaysia Questionnaires administered in schools (type = NR) Malaysian
Heo et al. (2018) [17] 1884 Mean: 14.8 ± NR
Range: 13–16
33.5% Republic of Korea Questionnaires administered to middle schools Korean
Li et al. (2010) [18] 313 Mean: 9.9 ± NR
Range: 8–12
48.6% China Questionnaires administered to primary schools Chinese
Motl et al. (2005) [19] 2416 Mean: 12.7 ± 0.4
Range: 10–14
51.8% USA TEENS Study (school-based, group randomized trial) English
Phillips et al. (2006) [20] 3709 Mean: 12.9 ± NR
Range: 10–14
50.5% USA TEENS Study (school-based, group randomized trial) English
Roberts et al. (1990) [21] 2160 Mean: 16.2 ± NR
Range: 14–18
55.4% USA Questionnaires administered to public and parochial high schools English
Skriner and Chu (2014) [22] 881 Mean: 12.5 ± 0.4
Range: 11–14
45.0% USA Questionnaires administered to suburban and urban middle schools English
Tatar et al. (2013) [23] 583 Mean: 12.2 ± 1.9
Range: 8–15
49.1% Turkey Questionnaires administered to primary schools Turkish
  1. SD standard deviation, NR not reported in study, TEENS Teens Eating for Energy and Nutrition at School, USA United States of America