Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratio (95% CI) for the association between childhood physical abuse and adult depressive outcomes

From: Sexual and physical abuse and depressive symptoms in the UK Biobank

Outcomea All participants (N = 151,396) Women (N = 85,239) Men (N = 66,157)
Unadjusted Adjustedb Unadjusted Adjustedb Unadjusted Adjustedb
Current depressive symptoms score (PHQ-9 ≥ 10) 2.86 (2.70, 3.03) 2.17 (2.04, 2.31) 2.86 (2.65, 3.08) 2.12 (1.96, 2.30) 2.91 (2.65, 3.19) 2.24 (2.03, 2.47)
Individual depressive symptoms
 Sleep disturbance 1.92 (1.84, 2.01) 1.71 (1.63, 1.79) 1.92 (1.81, 2.03) 1.68 (1.58, 1.78) 1.97 (1.84, 2.12) 1.75 (1.63, 1.88)
 Fatigue 2.25 (2.15, 2.36) 1.84 (1.75, 1.94) 2.27 (2.13, 2.41) 1.81 (1.69, 1.93) 2.25 (2.09, 2.43) 1.88 (1.74, 2.03)
 Change in appetite/weight 2.61 (2.45, 2.77) 1.93 (1.81, 2.06) 2.60 (2.41, 2.81) 1.89 (1.74, 2.06) 2.69 (2.42, 3.00) 1.98 (1.77, 2.22)
 Low self-esteem 2.76 (2.58, 2.96) 2.09 (1.95, 2.24) 2.76 (2.54, 3.01) 2.06 (1.88, 2.25) 2.79 (2.50, 3.11) 2.13 (1.91, 2.39)
 Anhedonia 2.57 (2.39, 2.76) 1.94 (1.80, 2.09) 2.58 (2.35, 2.84) 1.92 (1.74, 2.13) 2.55 (2.29, 2.84) 1.96 (1.75, 2.19)
 Concentration difficulties 2.72 (2.53, 2.92) 2.05 (1.90, 2.21) 2.75 (2.50, 3.02) 1.98 (1.79, 2.19) 2.68 (2.40, 2.99) 2.12 (1.90, 2.38)
 Low mood 2.49 (2.31, 2.69) 1.88 (1.74, 2.04) 2.33 (2.11, 2.58) 1.72 (1.54, 1.91) 2.76 (2.45, 3.10) 2.15 (1.90, 2.24)
 Psychomotor change 3.22 (2.89, 3.59) 2.42 (2.16, 2.71) 3.43 (2.98, 3.95) 2.48 (2.13, 2.88) 2.97 (2.51, 3.51) 2.33 (1.96, 2.77)
 Suicidal behaviours 4.30 (3.78, 4.90) 2.97 (2.59, 3.41) 4.40 (3.69, 5.24) 2.94 (2.44, 3.54) 4.18 (3.45, 5.08) 3.01 (2.46, 3.69)
  1. aIndividual depressive symptoms defined as experiencing symptom more than half the days/nearly every day
  2. bAdjusted for sex (if appropriate), age, ethnicity, Townsend deprivation index, body mass index, and childhood sexual abuse