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Table 1 Factorial patterns after the promax rotation for community pharmacists

From: Scale development and an educational program to reduce the stigma of schizophrenia among community pharmacists: a randomized controlled trial

27 items, α = 0.89 Extraction factor   
I II III IV Median (inter-quartile range)
Factor I: Social distance at professional pharmacy service, α = 0.88
 1. If possible, I would rather avoid administering and advising about medication for patients with schizophrenia. 0.89 −0.11 − 0.03 0.03 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 2. If possible, I would rather avoid consultations with patients with schizophrenia as much as possible. 0.78 −0.08 0.04 −0.03 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 3. If possible, I would rather avoid home visits for patients with schizophrenia. 0.73 −0.10 0.04 0.04 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 4. I feel that it is too much work to deal with patients with schizophrenia. 0.72 0.09 −0.11 −0.02 3.0 (2.0–3.0)
 5. I would rather be involved in care for patients with physical illnesses than those with schizophrenia. 0.63 0.08 −0.11 − 0.01 3.0 (2.0–3.0)
 6. I am afraid of administering and advising about medication for patients with schizophrenia. 0.58 0.01 0.02 0.05 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 7. If a patient hands me a prescription that includes medications for schizophrenia, I would try to avoid discussing his/her illness as much as possible. 0.55 0.03 0.18 −0.17 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 8. I find it difficult to deal with patients with schizophrenia, particularly during busy hours. 0.55 0.18 0.03 −0.18 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 9. Despite my principles as a health care provider, I react negatively to patients with schizophrenia. 0.53 0.19 −0.03 0.04 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 10. I find it difficult to communicate with patients with schizophrenia. 0.52 0.08 0.07 −0.06 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 11. I am not worried about dealing with situations in which I receive prescriptions or medication records for schizophrenia medications from patients. (R) 0.47 − 0.17 −0.02 0.18 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
Factor II: Attitudes towards patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, α = 0.76
 12. I think that schizophrenia affects the daily lives of patients. −0.05 0.64 0.02 −0.00 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 13. I do not think that patients can recover from schizophrenia. −0.01 0.58 −0.01 0.08 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 14. I think that patients with schizophrenia are not capable of understanding their own illness. 0.02 0.55 0.04 −0.07 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 15. I think that patients with schizophrenia are always suffering from symptoms that include hallucination and delusion. −0.08 0.54 −0.03 −0.00 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 16. I think that patients with schizophrenia are not capable of understanding and adhering to the suggested treatment regimen. 0.00 0.53 0.04 0.05 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 17. I think that more than 50% of patients with schizophrenia are not working hard enough to improve their own conditions. 0.09 0.44 −0.08 −0.05 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 18. I think that patients with schizophrenia have difficulties reintegrating into society. 0.04 0.43 0.04 0.11 3.0 (2.0–3.0)
 19. I think that patients with schizophrenia are dangerous. 0.19 0.35 −0.01 0.11 3.0 (2.0–3.0)
Factor III: Self-disclosure, α = 0.62
 20. Unlike other diseases, if I had schizophrenia, I would be able to tell my friends about it. (R) 0.06 −0.14 0.58 0.11 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 21. Unlike other diseases, if I had schizophrenia, I would not be easily able to tell my family about it. 0.08 0.03 0.57 0.05 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 22. Unlike other diseases, I would not be able to tell my colleagues that I was being treated for schizophrenia. 0.07 −0.02 0.57 −0.03 4.0 (3.0–4.0)
 23. Unlike other diseases, if I had schizophrenia, I would hesitate to seek help from health professionals. −0.03 0.17 0.42 −0.11 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
Factor IV: Social distance in personal, α = 0.62
 24. If a colleague of mine told me that he/she has schizophrenia that has been well-managed by medications, I would still be able to work with him/her without any issues. (R) −0.04 − 0.00 − 0.00 0.66 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 25. If a candidate has the most appropriate skills for the job, employers should hire a patient whose symptoms of schizophrenia are well-managed by medications. (R) −0.14 0.06 0.03 0.55 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
 26. I would not mind if a patient with schizophrenia lived next door. (R) 0.22 0.01 −0.06 0.40 3.0 (2.0–4.0)
 27. I would not want my children to work with a patient with schizophrenia even if his/her symptoms are well-managed by medications. 0.19 0.13 0.10 0.36 2.0 (2.0–3.0)
Factor correlation 1.00 .59 .42 .38   
.59 1.00 .37 .42   
.42 .37 1.00 .29   
.38 .42 .29 1.00   
  1. n = 806. (R): reverse scored. The values for Factor I to IV represent factor loading