Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of GAD-7 score ≥ 8 by Hygiene behavior changes taken (n = 1469)

From: The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirates: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Characteristics Category Frequency (n) % Anxiety GAD-7 Score (≥8)% (n) Chi-Square χ2 p-value*
Cover mouth Never 13 0.9 46.2 (6) 3.03 0.219
Occasionally 43 2.9 62.8 (27)
Most of the time /Always 1413 96.2 49.4 (699)
Use hand sanitizer Never 26 1.8 26.9 (7) 10.90 0.004*
Occasionally 163 11.1 41.7 (68)
Most of the time /Always 1280 87.1 51.3 (657)
Washing hands Never 2 0.1 50.0 (1) 1.13 0.569
Occasionally 14 1.0 35.7 (5)
Most of the time /Always 1453 98.9 50.0 (726)
Face mask Never 374 25.5 48.9 (183) 8.84 0.012*
Occasionally 408 27.8 44.4 (181)
Most of the time /Always 687 46.8 53.6 (368)
Avoid crowds Never 6 0.4 50.0 (3) 0.25 0.882
Occasionally 60 4.1 46.7 (28)
Most of the time /Always 1403 95.5 50 (701)
Avoid public transport Never 14 1.0 50.0 (7) 0.17 0.918
Occasionally 22 1.5 45.5 (10)
Most of the time /Always 1433 97.5 49.9 (715)
Avoid handshaking Never 12 0.8 66.7 (8) 1.59 0.451
Occasionally 62 4.2 46.8 (29)
Most of the time /Always 1395 94.9 49.8 (695)
Behavioral changes total Category Occasionally exhibiting behavior changes 604 41.1 45.4(274) 8.18 < 0.004*
Always exhibiting behavior changes 865 58.9 53.0(458)
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05