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Table 6 Coping strategies used with children during COVID-19 by GAD-7 score and SDQ score (N = 1469)

From: The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirates: a nationwide cross-sectional study

     Anxiety GAD-7 Score (≥8) SDQ Score (SDQ ≥ 5)
Characteristics Category Frequency (n) % %(n) Chi-square χ2 p-value %(n) Chi-square χ2 p-value
I have openly discussed COVID-19 with my family No children 178 12.1 53.9 (96) 10.79 0.013* 2.7 (2) 13.42 0.004*
Never 27 1.8 33.3 (9)    4.2 (1)
Occasionally 259 17.6 42.5 (110)    14.1 (30)
Most of the time/Always 1005 68.4 51.4 (517)    17.1 (145)
I have educated my children about PPE No children 316 21.5 52.2 (165) 10.19 0.017* 2.4 (3) 21.27 ≤0.001*
Never 13 0.9 23.1 (3)    0 (0)
Occasionally 56 3.8 33.9 (19)    10.9 (5)
Most of the time/Always 1084 73.8 50.3 (545)    17.3 (170)
I reassure my children they are safe No children 331 22.5 52.6 (174) 1.89 0.595 2.3 (3) 23.80 ≤0.001*
Never 20 1.4 45 (9)    0 (0)
Occasionally 92 6.3 45.7 (42)    20.3 (16)
Most of the time/Always 1026 69.8 49.4 (507)    17 (159)
I have limited news exposure No children 407 27.7 50.9 (207) 11.20 0.011* 3 (6) 37.10 ≤0.001*
Never 205 14.0 41 (84)    11.2 (21)
Occasionally 216 14.7 45.8 (99)    22.1 (43)
Most of the time/Always 641 43.6 53.4 (342)    18.6 (108)
I have created a schedule for learning No children 335 22.8 48.4 (162) 0.51 0.916 6.6 (10) 10.40 0.015*
Never 104 7.1 51 (53)    17.4 (16)
Occasionally 288 19.6 51 (147)    16.4 (42)
Most of the time/Always 742 50.5 49.9 (370)    16.7 (111)
I have maintained a regular routine No children 225 15.3 50.7 (114) 2.26 0.521 4.4 (4) 8.99 0.029*
Never 47 3.2 46.8 (22)    14.7 (5)
Occasionally 185 12.6 54.6 (101)    16.2 (25)
Most of the time/Always 1012 68.9 48.9 (495)    16.3 (144)
Overall Coping strategies Total Category Low use of coping strategies 705 48.0 49.7(366) 1.65 0.199 5.6 (10) 9.01 < 0.001*
High use of coping strategies 765 52.0 50.3(371)    17.1 (168)
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05