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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants

From: Validation of the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to screen mental health problems among school-age children in Mongolia

  Community sample Clinical sample P value
N % N %
Total number 2301   429   
Sex      0.001
 Male 1051 51.3 258 60.1  
 Female 997 48.7 171 39.9  
 Missing 253 0  
Age (Mean/SD) 9.7 0.4 10.4 3.8 < 0.001*
  < 5 0 0 31 7.2  
 5–9 1569 77.1 174 40.6  
 10–14 467 22.9 154 35.9  
 15–19 0 0 70 16.3  
 Missing 265   0   
Region      < 0.001
 Ulaanbaatar 2301 100.0 344 84.5  
 Outside Ulaanbaatar   63 15.5  
 Missing 0   22  
Family structure      < 0.001
 Two-parent 1644 80.3 303 71.0  
 One-parent 278 13.6 104 24.4  
 No parent 126 6.2 20 4.7  
 Missing 253 2  
Maternal education      < 0.001
 Lower secondary and less 113 6.0 49 11.8  
 Upper secondary and more 1786 94.0 367 88.2  
 Missing 402 13  
Household income      1.00
 700,000 MNT and less** 708 34.9 149 35.1  
 700,001 MNT and more** 1319 65.1 276 64.9  
 Missing 274 4  
  1. * t-test was conducted for age of two samples
  2. **MNT Mongolian Tugrik. 700,000 MNT was about 280 USD at the exchange rate in 2017–2019