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Table 1 Demographics and descriptive characteristics of participated physicians

From: Immediate psychological outcomes associated with COVID-19 pandemic in frontline physicians: a cross-sectional study in Egypt

  Total
n = 237
TUH
n = 134
IH
n = 103
Test of significance
p-value
M (SD) or n (%) M (SD) or n (%) M (SD) or n (%)
Demographics
 Age 38.2 ± 6.2 37.3 ± 6.7 39.2 ± 5.3 t-test = 2.36
     0.01*
Gender
Male 138 (58.2%) 57(42.5%) 81 (78.6%) X2 = 31.2
Female 99(41.8%) 77(57.5%) 22(21.4%) < 0.0001***
Marital status
Single 35(14.8%) 23(17.2%) 12(11.7%) X2 = 1.41
Married 202(85.2%) 111(82.8%) 91(88.35%) 0.12
Divorced /widowed 0 0 0  
Having children
No 34(14.3%) 20(14.9%) 14(13.6%) X2 = 0.08
Yes 203(85.7%) 114(85.1%) 89(86.4%) 0.7
Professional degree
Registrar/ Consultant 92(38.8%) 58(43.3%) 34(33%) X2 = 2.58
Residents 145(61.2%) 76(56.7%) 69(67%) 0.1
COVID-19 related stigma
No 140(59.1%) 93(69.4%) 47(45.6%) X2 = 13.6
Yes 97(40.9%). 41(30.6%) 56(54.4%) 0.0002***
Mental health and preparedness M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) t-test p
 Family Support 3.6 ± 1.3 3.6 ± 1.4 3.5 ± 1.3 0.56–0.7
 Sleep quality 6.55 ± 3.2 6.5 ± 2.9 6.6 ± 2.7 0.27–0.7
 Psychological preparedness 5.9 ± 3.2 5.7 ± 3.2 6.1 ± 3.2 0.95–0.3
 Material preparedness 8.15 ± 1.8 8.1 ± 1.8 8.2 ± 1.85 0.41–0.6
GAD-7 scale 9.8 ± 4.7 10.25 ± 5.4 9.4 ± 5.2 1.47–0.007**
PHQ-9 scale 10.4 ± 3.6 10.4 ± 3.5 10.5 ± 3.9 0.2–0.9
  1. df = 235 TUH Tanta University Hospitals, IH Isolation Hospitals
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001