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Table 2 Prevalence and correlates of anxiety and depressive symptoms among participated physicians

From: Immediate psychological outcomes associated with COVID-19 pandemic in frontline physicians: a cross-sectional study in Egypt

Independent Variable Observed Anxiety Symptoms
(GAD7 score ≥ 10)
n = 187
Observed Depressive Symptoms
(PHQ9 score ≥ 10)
n = 104
M (SD) n(%) B S.E. Wald Adj.OR(95%CI) M (SD) n(%) B S.E. Wald Adj.OR(95%CI)
Age 38.5 ± 5.9 −0.018 0.055 0.104 1.03 (0.9–1.1) 37.7 ± 8.2 −0.013  0.023 0.303 0.99(0.94–1.03)
Family support 2.4 ± 1.35 0.04 0.07 0.2 0.74(0.48–1.13) 2.2 ± 1.4 1.6 0.8 15.2 0.64*** (0.5–0.84)
Sleep quality 6 ± 2.8 0.753 0.203 13.74 0.53** (0.37–0.71) 5.72 ± 2.9 −0.176 0.052 11.23 0.51**(0.35–0.74)
Material preparedness 8 ± 1.7 0.013 0.76 0.006 0.98 (0.69–1.39) 7.8 ± 1.8 −0.166 0.078 4.6 0.84(0.7–1.02)
Psychological preparedness 5.1 ± 3.1 1.08 0.24 21.06 0.39*** (0.25–0.6) 5.6 ± 3.2 −0.02 0.045 0.192 0.88(0.9–1.08)
Gender
Male (n = 138) 104(55.6%) −0.360 0.688 0.274   56(53.8%) −0.403 0.320 1.58  
Female(n = 99) 83(44.4%)     2.74(0.69–10.7) 48(46.2%)     1.5(0.8–2.9)
Marital Status
Single (n = 35) 27(14.4%) −3.312 1.41 5.52   16(15.4%) 0.069 0.497 0.019  
Married (n = 202) 160(85.6%)     0.24(0.03–1.98) 88(84.6%)     0.97(0.35–2.68)
Having Children
No (n = 34) 28(15%) 4.86 1.33 13.29   23(22.1%) 0.022 0.424 0.003  
Yes(n = 203) 159(85%)     20.2*** (3.7–108.4) 81(77.9%)     0.98(0.41–2.3)
Working hospitals
Teaching (n = 134) 107(57.2%) 0.228 0.681 0.112   40(38.5%) 0.149 0.314 0.224  
Isolation (n = 103) 80(42.8%)     1.32(0.35–4.9) 64(61.5%)     0.8(0.43–1.5)
Professional degree
Registrar/Consultant(n = 92) 75(40.1%) 0.85 0.273 15.6   36(34.6%) −0.18 0.072 9.231  
Residents (n = 145) 112(59.9%)     3.28* (3.60–11.5) 68(65.4%)     1.39*(1.1–1.74)
Affected social life
No and mild effect (n = 107) 93(49.7%) −1.48 0.69 4.59   53(51%) 0.447 0.286 2.45  
Significant effect (n = 130) 94(50.3%)     0.18 * (0.04–7.8) 51(49%)     0.56*(0.5–1.01)
Affected financial Status
No and mild effect (n = 166) 128(68.4%) 1.054 0.76 1.89   70(67.3%) −0.14 0.322 0.191  
Significant effect (n = 71) 59(31.6%)     3.01 (0.73–12.3) 34(32.7%)     1.23(0.64–2.37)
Experience social Stigmatization
No(n = 140) 123(65.8%)      26(25%)     
Yes(n = 97) 64(34.2%) 1.6 0.89 10.7 1.56** (1.24–1.97) 78(75%) 1.2 0.9 18.05 1.9*** (1.42–2.57)
  1. Bold font indicates significantly different prevalence and odds ratios (p < 0.05)
  2. Referent group * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001