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Table 1 General characteristics of participants and their association with depression

From: Depressive symptoms associated with COVID-19 preventive practice measures, daily activities in home quarantine and suicidal behaviors: Findings from a large-scale online survey in Bangladesh

Variables Depression Total N = 13,654 Chi-square test
p-value
Negativea Positiveb
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex < 0.001
 Male 4963 (59.2) 3419 (40.8) 8382 (61.4)  
 Female 2756 (52.3) 2516 (47.7) 5272 (38.6)  
Age 0.067
 Young (18–25 years) 6068 (56.9) 4588 (43.1) 10,656 (78.0)  
 Older (> 25 years) 1651 (55.1) 1347 (44.9) 2998 (22.0)  
Educational qualification < 0.001
 Intermediate (11–12) or bellow 1242 (49.2) 1282 (50.8) 2524 (18.5)  
 Bachelor 5405 (58.6) 3821 (41.4) 9226 (67.6)  
 Higher education (above bachelor) 1072 (56.3) 832 (43.7) 1904 (13.9)  
Marital status < 0.001
 Unmarried 6468 (57.5) 4781 (42.5) 11,249 (82.4)  
 Married 1216 (52.0) 1122 (48.0) 2338 (17.1)  
 Divorced 35 (52.2) 32 (47.8) 67 (.5)  
Family type 0.287
 Nuclear 6010 (56.3) 4666 (43.7) 10,676 (78.2)  
 Join 1709 (57.4) 1269 (42.6) 2978 (21.8)  
Socio-economic status 0.310
 Lower 1516 (57.9) 1104 (42.1) 2620 (19.2)  
 Middle 2759 (56.2) 2153 (43.8) 4912 (36.0)  
 Upper 3444 (56.3) 2678 (43.7) 6122 (44.8)  
Residence 0.410
 Rural area 2912 (56.1) 2280 (43.9) 5192 (38.0)  
 Urban area 4807 (56.8) 3655 (43.2) 8462 (62.0)  
  1. BDT Bangladeshi Taka
  2. aNegative depression using PHQ-9 score (< 10)
  3. bPositive depression using PHQ-9 score (≥ 10)