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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate regression analysis of the association between religious coping, physical fatigue, mental fatigue, and sociodemographics with depression and anxiety

From: An investigation of the association between religious coping, fatigue, anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in Morocco: a web-based cross-sectional survey

Variables Depression Anxiety
OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Age (Years) 0.97 (0.96–0.98)*** 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 0.98 (0.97–0.99)*** 1.00 (0.98–1.02)
Age stages (Years)
  ≤ 45 1 1 1 1
  > 45 0.55 (0.41–0.75)*** 0.87 (0.50–1.51) 0.60 (0.43–0.82)*** 0.70 (0.39–1.26)
Gender
 Male 1 1 1 1
 Female 1.63 (1.31–2.04)*** 1.36 (1.06–1.75)* 2.28 (1.81–2.85)*** 2.04 (1.56–2.70)***
Status as a parent
 Having children 1 1 1 1
 No children 1.36 (1.09–1.70)** 0.92 (0.67–1.27) 1.11 (0.89–1.39) 0.69 (0.49–0.98)*
Education
 Higher education 1 1 1 1
 Primary or secondary education 1.00 (0.67–1.50) 1.18 (0.74–1.87) 1.11 (0.74–1.66) 1.17 (0.71–1.90)
Employment status
 Employed 1 1 1 1
 Unemployed 1.05 (0.71–1.56) 1.20 (0.76–1.92) 1.29 (0.87–1.90) 1.47 (0.90–2.38)
Household income decline
 No 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.63 (1.28–2.08)*** 1.40 (1.07–1.85)* 1.49 (1.17–1.88)*** 1.33 (1.01–1.75)
Looked up regular news
 Seldom 1 1 1 1
 Regularly 1.79 (1.23–2.63)*** 1.66 (1.09–2.56)* 1.97 (1.31–3.03)*** 1.58 (1.01–2.56)
Fear of COVID-19
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 2.24 (1.75–2.85)*** 1.75 (1.35–2.32)*** 3.28 (2.56–4.16)*** 2.85 (2.17–3.70)***
CFS-Physical fatigue
 No fatigue 1 1 1 1
 Severe fatigue 5.90 (4.55–7.72)*** 3.35 (2.51–4.50)*** 5.44 (4.28–6.96)*** 3.14 (2.37–4.18)***
CFS-Mental fatigue
 No fatigue 1 1 1 1
 Severe fatigue 7.69 (5.69–10.61)*** 4.05 (2.91–5.71)*** 6.82 (5.22–8.98)*** 3.80 (2.78–5.20)***
P RCOPE 0.99 (0.96–1.01) 0.97 (0.95–1.00) 1.03 (1.01–1.06)** 1.01 (0.98–1.04)
N RCOPE 1.08 (1.05–1.12)*** 1.05 (1.01–1.09)* 1.14 (1.10–1.18)*** 1.11 (1.07–1.16)***
Nagelkerke R2 for the model 0.29    0.36
  1. OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, CFS- Physical fatigue Chalder Fatigue Scale - Physical fatigue subscale, CFS - Mental fatigue Chalder Fatigue Scale - Mental fatigue subscale, P RCOPE Positive religious coping, N RCOPE Negative religious coping
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001