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Table 1 Differences between the subjective experience and importance in 24 recovery elements

From: Discrepancy between experience and importance of recovery components in the symptomatic and recovery perceptions of people with severe mental disorders

items Experience Importance Differential score T Student df p r Cohen’s d
M SD M SD
6. Improving general health and wellness 2.96 0.76 3.49 0.62 −0.53 11.35 310 .001 .31 0.76
24. Professionals who care about 3.22 0.67 3.49 0.63 −0.27 6.87 310 .001 .45 0.41
3. Hope 2.76 0.73 3.48 0.69 −0.72 15.05 310 .001 .30 1.01
2. Sense of meaning in life 3.02 0.69 3.46 0.69 −0.44 9.38 309 .001 .30 0.64
5. Self-manage symptoms /avoid relapse 2.89 0.77 3.43 0.70 −0.54 10.24 311 .001 .20 0.73
15. Basic needs 2.58 0.82 3.41 0.72 −0.83 15.86 311 .001 .28 1.07
16. Sense of control and empowerment 2.91 0.74 3.39 0.69 −0.48 10.43 311 .001 .34 0.67
1.Positive sense of personal identity 3.08 0.69 3.38 0.71 −0.30 5.95 310 .001 .19 0.43
12. Having positive relationships 2.63 0.88 3.38 0.78 −0.75 13.19 311 .001 .27 0.90
13. Identifying and building on strengths 2.83 0.83 3.37 0.69 −0.54 10.92 309 .001 .36 0.70
22. Assistance in crisis 3.01 0.76 3.37 0.74 −0.36 8.78 308 .001 .54 0.48
8. Having rights respected and unheld 2.69 0.78 3.34 0.72 −0.65 12.63 311 .001 .26 0.87
18. Taking on/succeeding in social roles 2.08 0.98 3.34 0.71 −1.26 21.05 311 .001 .24 1.46
7. Being active and directing the recovery 2.71 0.75 3.26 0.75 −0.55 10.39 310 .001 .25 0.73
10. Being involved in meaningful activities 2.81 0.80 3.25 0.82 −0.44 8.90 309 .001 .42 0.54
11.Involved and take part in community 2.77 0.83 3.23 0.89 −0.46 8.39 310 .001 .36 0.53
20. Taking on new challenges 2.85 0.83 3.12 0.90 −0.27 5.13 310 .001 .45 0.31
14. Developing new skills 2.69 0.85 3.10 0.80 −0.41 7.41 311 .001 .31 0.50
21. Having positive role models 2.33 0.74 3.08 0.84 −0.75 14.5 310 .001 .34 0.95
4. Having up-to-date knowledge 2.73 0.81 2.98 0.88 −0.25 4.48 311 .001 .28 0.30
9. Mutual self-help/peer support 2.58 0.80 2.79 1.07 −0.21 3.63 311 .001 .44 0.22
23. Intimacy and sexuality 1.78 0.98 2.78 1.14 −1.00 13.93 308 .001 .28 0.94
19. Challenging stigma/ discrimination 2.61 0.85 2.45 1.27 0.16 −2.27 311 .024 .37 0.14
17. Spirituality 1.38 0.95 2.06 1.36 −0.68 10.25 311 .001 .53 0.56
  1. Note. The elements are ordered according to the importance