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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics

From: Cortical thickness distinguishes between major depression and schizophrenia in adolescents

Measures MDD (N = 67) SCZ (N = 49) HC (N = 34) p-value
Age (year) 16.22 ± 2.02 16.02 ± 1.80 16.32 ± 2.99 0.81a
Intracranial Volume 1459.73 ± 127.77 1448.33 ± 141.57 1484.68 ± 108.24 0.44a
Length of Current Episode (months) 7.88 ± 9.19 6.24 ± 12.29 0.41b
Age at Onset (year) 15.13 ± 2.17 15.39 ± 2.10 0.53b
Male (%) 28 (41.79) 24 (48.98) 15 (44.12) 0.56c
Prior Exposure to Medicine (%) 34 (50.75) 42 (85.71) <  0.0001d
First Episode (%) 48 (71.64) 42 (85.71) 0.11d
Family History of Mental Disorders (%) 7 (10.45) 8 (16.33) 0.41d
Physical Intervention (%) 12 (17.91) 27 (55.10) <  0.0001d
  1. Values indicate the mean ± SD
  2. Abbreviations: MDD Major Depressive Disorder, SCZ schizophrenia, HC healthy controls
  3. aStatistic computed using F-test
  4. bStatistic computed using two-sample t-tests
  5. cStatistic computed using χ2 test
  6. dStatistic computed using Fisher’s exact test