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Table 2 Total scores and severity categories of rating scale scores according to diagnostic groups

From: COVID-19 related poor mental health and sleep disorders in rheumatic patients: a citizen science project

  Inflammatory arthritis (n = 375) CTDs/vasculitis
(n = 96)
Primary fibromyalgia (n = 31) Total
(n = 502)*
IES-R scoreΔ
 Total, mean ± SD 28.7 ± 17.7 30.5 ± 17.3 38.0 ± 16.1 29.7 ± 17.5
 Normal, n (%) 234 (62.4%) 51 (53.1%) 11 (35.5%) 296 (59.0%)
 Probable PTSD, n (%) 141 (37.6%) 45 (46.9%) 20 (64.5%) 206 (41.0%)
IES-R Subscale mean ± SD
 intrusion 10.03 ± 7.20 11.26 ± 7.23 12.77 ± 7.02 10.4 ± 7.2
 avoidance 10.24 ± 6.31 10.25 ± 5.84 13.06 ± 6.27 10.4 ± 6.2
 hyperarousal 8.48 ± 5.94 8.98 ± 6.15 12.23 ± 5.38 8.8 ± 5.9
PSS-10 score
 Total, mean ± SD 17.4 ± 8.3 19.8 ± 7.6 21.6 ± 6.5 18.1 ± 8.1
 Low (≤ 13), n (%) 126 (33.6%) 23 (24.0%) 3 (9.7%) 152 (30.3%)
 Moderate (14–26) n (%) 184 (49.1%) 58 (60.4%) 19 (61.3%) 261 (52.0%)
 High (≥27) n (%) 65 (17.3%) 15 (15.6%) 9 (29.0%) 89 (17.7%)
  1. *5 of 507 patients had a diagnosis that did not fit with any of the diagnostic groups and were excluded from the analysis
  2. Δ IES-R score ≥ 33 is indicative of probable Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Difference between diagnostic groups: Χ2 = 10.25, df = 2, p = 0.006
  3. Difference between diagnostic groups: Χ2 = 11.93, df = 4, p = 0.02
  4. Total scores and severity categories of rating scale scores according to the main rheumatic diagnostic groups