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Table 2 Sample covariates assessed at trial baseline (N = 542)

From: Developing an explanatory theoretical model for engagement with a web-based mental health platform: results of a mixed methods study

Categorical variables N %a
Recruitment Setting (missing = 20)
 Youth Clinics 27 5.2
 Psychotherapy Clinic 29 5.6
 Specialized Therapy Programs 77 14.8
 Crisis Services 92 17.6
 Substance use disorder program 100 19.2
 General Psychiatry Clinics 197 37.7
Gender (missing = 4)
 Transgender 1 0.2
 Woman 393 72.5
 Man 144 26.6
Ethnicity (missing = 0)
 White 444 81.9
 Non-white 98 18.1
Relationship Status (missing = 0)
 In a relationship 288 53.1
 Not in a relationship 254 46.9
Employment Status (missing = 3)
 Full-time 181 33.6
 Part-time 100 18.6
 Not working - retired or actively looking for work 76 14.1
 Not working – not looking for work 182 33.8
Agree with: Self-help tools helpful for people with mental health problems (missing = 0)
 Somewhat or definitely agree 518 95.6
 Somewhat or completely disagree 24 4.4
How much expected improvement in mental health through BWW (missing = 0)
 Less than 50% 195 36.0
 More than 50% 204 37.6
 50% 143 26.4
Prior 3-month mental health contacts (missing = 9)
 High 173 32.5
 Moderate 242 45.4
 Low 118 22.1
PHQ-9 depression score (missing = 0)
 Severe 166 30.6
 Moderate-severe 122 22.5
 Moderate 125 23.1
 Mild 90 16.6
 Minimal 39 7.2
GAD-7 anxiety score (missing = 0)
 Severe 207 38.2
 Moderate 70 24.5
 Mild 133 12.9
 None 132 24.4
Continuous variables Mean SD
Age (missing = 0) 41.1 13.4
Age first experienced mental health problems (missing = 0) 18.7 12.5
RAS-r subscales (missing = 3)
 Personal confidence and hope 27.0 6.7
 Willingness to ask for help 10.8 2.7
 Goal and success orientation 17.8 3.7
 Reliance on others 15.3 2.9
 Not dominated by symptoms 7.1 2.7
  1. aPercentages are calculated after missing data removed
  2. PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item for depression
  3. GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-7 item for anxiety
  4. RAS-r Recovery Assessment Scale-revised