Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of depressive symptoms, suicide ideation, alcohol use and non-suicidal self-harm across four lifestyle trajectory groups in the longitudinal lifestyle data on 1974 children

From: Joint trajectories of life style indicators and their links to psychopathological outcomes in the adolescence

Outcomes Participants Prevalence
n (%)
Lifestyle Multi-trajectories a [N (%)]
Healthy Suboptimal Healthy Unhealthy Mitigation Unhealthy Persistent
General 1974   787 (39.9) 499 (25.3) 339 (17.2) 349 (17.7)
Low maternal education b 1974   156 (19.5) 95 (21.6) 93 (27.9) § 119 (29.7) §
Low household income c 1974   26 (3.4) 11 (3.5) 17 (4.1) 22 (5.6)
More than 1 ACE    206 (28.8) 130 (32.8) 115 (39.4) 148 (41.3) §
Warm parenting score (0–15)    11.3 ± 3.7 11.3 ± 3.8 10.5 ± 4.1 10.1 ± 4.3 §
Depressive symptoms
 Baseline 1974 75 (3.8) 20 (2.5) 7 (1.6) 21 (6.3) † 27 (6.7) †
 Wave 2 1893 116 (6.1) 29 (3.8) 13 (3.1) 17 (5.4) 57 (14.5) §
 Wave 3 1846 184 (10.0) 53 (7.0) 21 (5.1) 38 (12.5) † 72 (19.4) §
 Wave 4 1761 230 (13.1) 67 (9.3) 32 (8.1) 55 (18.8) § 86 (21.3) §
Suicide ideation 1762 191 (10.8) 50 (7.1) 39 (8.6) 41 (13.8) § 61 (19.9) §
Alcohol use 1760 105 (6.0) 25 (3.5) 25 (5.5) 19 (6.4) † 36 (11.8) §
Non-suicidal self-harm 1763 403 (22.9) 138 (19.5) 103 (22.7) 68 (22.8) 94 (30.7) ‡
Missing
 Wave 2 1749 25 (1.3) 12 (1.5) 7 (1.4) 4 (1.2) 2 (0.6)
 Wave 3 1899 75 (4.0) 31 (4.1) 7 (1.2) 21 (6.2) 16 (4.6)
 Wave 4 1795 179 (9.1) 73 (9.3) 30 (6.0) 37 (10.9) 39 (11.2)
  1. aCompared with healthy lifestyle persistent group, † P < 0.05; ‡ P < 0.01; § P < 0.001
  2. bEqual or lower than junior middle school;
  3. cHousehold income equal or lower than 2000 yuan per month