Skip to main content

Table 4 Differences in developmental quotient in ASD children with and without common sleep problems

From: Sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder: a multicenter survey

Item Bedtime Resistance,Mean ± SD/ Median (IQR) Z/t P Sleep Anxiety, Mean ± SD/ Median (IQR) Z/t P Sleep Onset Delay,Mean ± SD/ Median (IQR) Z/t P Daytime sleepiness, Mean ± SD/ Median (IQR) Z/t P
(−) (+) (−) (+) (−) (+) (−) (+)
CNBS-R2016
 Gross motor 78.42 ± 21.47 78.28 ± 21.05 0.081 0.935 79 (64–92) 79.5 (64–93) −0.512 0.609 78 (63–91.75) 81 (69.25–93) − 1.452 0.146 78 (64–91) 81.5 (64.75–94) − 1.549 0.121
 Fine motor 59 (46–73) 59 (47–74) 0.000 1.000 59 (46–73) 59 (48.75–74.25) −0.799 0.424 59 (46–74) 59 (49–73) −0.233 0.816 59 (46–74) 60 (46.75–72.25) −0.211 0.833
 Adaptive behavior 62 (49–76) 63 (47–75) −0.329 0.742 63 (48–76) 62 (48.75–76) −0.025 0.980 62 (48–76) 65 (50–75.75) −1.056 0.291 62 (48–75) 65 (49.75–81.25) −1.657 0.098
 Language 49 (34–72) 48 (32–72) −1.022 0.307 48.5 (33–72) 50 (35–72) − 0.365 0.715 49 (33–73) 47 (35–63) −1.114 0.265 48.5 (33–71) 51 (35.75–74) −0.978 0.328
 Personal-social 54 (42–68) 52 (41–66) −1.372 0.170 53 (42–68) 54 (43–65) −0.487 0.627 54 (42–68) 51 (43–67) −0.778 0.437 53 (41.75–68) 54 (44–70.25) −1.056 0.291
 GQ 61 (50–75) 61 (50–72) −0.609 0.542 61 (50–74.25) 61.5 (51–72.25) −0.235 0.814 61 (50–74.75) 61 (51–72.75) −0.101 0.919 61 (50–74) 63.5 (52–78) −1.403 0.16