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Table 1 Comparison of subjects treated concomitant with or without an antipsychotic

From: Factors associated with antipsychotic use in non-psychotic depressed patients: results from a clinical multicenter survey

Factors Total sample
(n = 1503)
With AP
(n = 334)
Without AP
(n = 1169)
t/χ2 P
Age (year) (%)
 Early adult (age 18–44) 834(55.5) 179 (53.6) 655 (56.0) 0.294 0.524
 Middle adult (age 45–59) 424(28.2) 94 (28.1) 330 (28.2)   
 Late adult (age ≥ 60) 245(16.3) 61 (18.3) 184 (15.7)   
Gender female (%) 944(62.8) 212 (63.5) 732 (62.6) 0.081 0.775
First-episode patient (%) 982(65.3) 205 (61.4) 777 (66.5) 0.972 0.085
Service setting (%)
 Psychiatric 730(48.6) 111 (33.2) 619 (53.0) 40.433 < 0.001
 General medical 773(51.4) 223 (66.8) 550 (47.0)   
Comorbidity of physical illness (%) 319 (21.2) 99 (29.6) 220 (18.8) 18.194 < 0.001
Family history (%) 157 (10.5) 38 (11.4) 119(10.2) 0.398 0.528
QIDS-SR total score (%)
 0–5 770(51.2) 168 (50.3) 602 (51.5) 12.718 0.002
 6–10 477(31.7) 89 (26.6) 388 (33.2)   
 ≥ 11 256(17.0) 77 (23.1) 179 (15.3)   
PHQ-15 total score (%)
 0–5 921(61.3) 228 (68.3) 693 (59.3) 10.817 < 0.005
 6–10 414(27.5) 69 (20.7) 345 (29.5)   
 ≥ 11 168(11.2) 37 (11.1) 131 (11.2)   
SDS total score (%)
 0–5 771 (51.3) 164 (49.1) 607 (51.9) 42.147 < 0.001
 6–10 358 (23.8) 47 (14.1) 311 (26.6)   
 > =11 374 (34.9) 123 (36.8) 251 (21.5)   
  1. QIDS-SR Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report, PHQ-15 Patient Health Questionnaire-15, SDS Sheehan Disability Scale