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Table 2 Correlates associated with transitions across alcohol use stages [OR (95%CI)]

From: Correlates of transitions from alcohol use to disorder diagnosed by DSM-5 in China

  Transition to regular drinking from alcohol use
(n = 2600)
Transition to AUD from alcohol use
(n = 2600)
Transition to AUD from regular drinking
(n = 1052)
First drinking/regular drinking Early 2.11 (1.66–2.67)* 1.35 (0.77–2.34) 0.94 (0.54–1.64)
Late Ref Ref Ref
Gender Female Ref Ref Ref
Male 3.13 (2.49–3.95)* 18.57 (5.80–59.48)* 9.18 (2.80–30.09)*
Age at interview 18–34 Ref Ref Ref
35–49 0.78 (0.57–1.06) 0.50 (0.21–1.18) 0.42 (0.18–0.99)*
50–64 0.86 (0.63–1.17) 0.37 (0.15–0.92)* 0.27 (0.11–0.66)*
≥65 0.69 (0.46–1.03) 0.07 (0.02–0.26)* 0.06 (0.02–0.25)*
Marital status Unmarried Ref Ref Ref
Married/cohabiting 0.96 (0.71–1.31) 1.51 (0.58–3.94) 1.50 (0.56–4.03)
Educational level None Ref Ref Ref
Primary 1.16 (0.82–1.63) 1.27 (0.51–3.16) 1.19 (0.45–3.19)
Junior high school 1.19 (0.83–1.71) 1.66 (0.65–4.22) 1.57 (0.57–4.31)
Senior high school and more 1.30 (0.88–1.90) 1.40 (0.51–3.81) 1.39 (0.48–4.08)
Mental problem preceding the first drink Yes 1.20 (0.90–1.61) 1.73 (0.92–3.28) 1.50 (0.79–2.86)
No Ref Ref Ref
Dysfunctional family Yes 1.14 (0.85–1.53) 1.72 (0.96–3.07) 1.52 (0.84–2.75)
No Ref Ref Ref
Poverty Yes 2.49 (1.05–5.91)* 1.01 (0.13–7.92) 0.68 (0.09–5.33)
No Ref Ref Ref
Domestic Violence Yes 1.71 (1.14–2.58)* 3.05 (1.50–6.20)* 2.24 (1.08–4.64)*
No Ref Ref Ref
Neglect or lack of childhood support Yes 0.77 (0.52–1.13) 0.62 (0.28–1.37) 0.84 (0.37–1.88)
No Ref Ref Ref
  1. AUD Alcohol use disorder, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval;
  2. *Significant OR (P < 0.05)