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Table 5 Linear regression analysis with YSR Total Problems T-score at 3-year follow up as dependent variable and resilience factors as covariates one at a time, adjusted for age and SES, overall and separately for girls and boys

From: Association of treatment procedures and resilience to symptom load three-years later in a clinical sample of adolescent psychiatric patients

   YSR Total Problems T-score at T2
Resilience measures   Adjusted for age T1 and SES
  n β 95% CI p-value
Total sample 447    
Total resilience 444/447 −15.7 −19.2 to − 12.1 < 0.001
Personal competence 446/447 −13.0 − 15.7 to − 10.2 < 0.001
Social competence 444/447 −7.0 − 10.1 to −4.0 < 0.001
Structured style 445/447 −11.0 −14.0 to −8.0 < 0.001
Family cohesion 444/447 −10.5 − 13.3 to −7.8 < 0.001
Social resources 444/447 −10.3 −13.6 to −6.9 < 0.001
Girls 254    
Total resilience 253/254 −14.7 −19.8 to −9.6 < 0.001
Personal competence 254/254 −11.8 −15.9 to −7.6 < 0.001
Social competence 253/254 −5.1 −9.5 to −0.7 0.022
Structured style 254/254 −10.3 −14.9 to −5.7 < 0.001
Family cohesion 253/254 −10.5 −14.1 to −7.0 < 0.001
Social resources 253/254 −9.2 −13.6 to −4.9 < 0.001
Boys 193    
Total resilience 191/193 −10.8 −15.7 to −6.0 < 0.001
Personal competence 192/193 −9.4 −13.5 to −5.2 < 0.001
Social competence 191/193 −6.1 −9.9 to −2.3 0.002
Structured style 191/193 −7.4 −11.2 to −3.6 < 0.001
Family cohesion 191/193 −6.6 −10.7 to −2.5 0.002
Social resources 191/193 −7.7 −12.6 to − 2.9 0.002
  1. Note: Symptom load is measured by using Youth Self Report (YSR, Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment), Total Problem T-score, Resilience measures using READ = Resilience Scale for Adolescents, based on a 5-point Likert scale (1 = Totally Disagree, 5 = Totally Agree, higher scores indicate higher level of resilience factors), SES = Socioeconomic Status measured by level of mothers education (1 = lowest level of education, 9 = highest level of education), β = Regression Coefficient, CI = Confidence Interval