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Table 2 Correlations between locus of control (LoC), COVID-19 stress, and general mental distress

From: Locus of control moderates the association of COVID-19 stress and general mental distress: results of a Norwegian and a German-speaking cross-sectional survey

  LoC I a) LoC E a) COVID-19 stress b)
a. Norwegian sample (n = 1225)
 LoC E −.22***   
 COVID-19 stress −.11*** .32***  
 General mental distress c) −.14*** .32*** .61***
b. German-speaking sample (n = 1527)
 LoC E −.41***   
 COVID-19 stress −.15*** .25***  
 General mental distress c) −.31*** .35*** .55***
  1. *** p < .001
  2. a)LoC measured by the IE-4 subscales LoC Internal and LoC External (range: 1–5)
  3. b)Acute psychological stress due to COVID-19 measured by the COVID-19 stress scale (range: 0–5)
  4. c)General mental distress measured by the PHQ-4 (range 0–12)