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Table 3 Correlations between demographic variables and LoC, COVID-19 stress, and general mental distress

From: Locus of control moderates the association of COVID-19 stress and general mental distress: results of a Norwegian and a German-speaking cross-sectional survey

  LoC I h) LoC E h) COVID-19 stress i) General mental distress k)
a. Norwegian sample (n = 1209 -1225)
Age (years) −.06 −.10** −.12*** −.19***
Gender a) .03 −.06* .03 .05
Relationship status b) −.13*** −.01 −.11*** −.12***
Children c) −.03 −.06 −.15*** −.19***
Living together status d) −.05 .04 −.10*** −.10***
Education e) −.02 −.07* −.08** −.11***
Infected Sars CoV-2 f) −.04 −.02 −.02 −.01
Close person infected with Sars CoV-2 g) −.02 −.002 .02 −.02
b. German-speaking sample (n = 1521-1527)
  LoC I h) LoC E h) COVID-19 stress i) General mental distress k)
Age (years) −.20*** .09** −.21*** −.17***
Gender a) .06* .00 .11*** .06*
Relationship status b) −.09** −.07** −.13*** −.12***
Children c) −.10*** .09*** −.14*** −.14***
Living together status d) .15*** −.01 −.05* −.06*
Education e) −.02 −.11*** −.08** −.10***
Infected Sars CoV-2 f) .03 −.03 −.01 −.02
Close person infected with Sars CoV-2 g) .04 −.01 −.004 −.03
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, *** p < .001
  2. a) 1 = male, 2 = female
  3. b) 0 = not partnered; 1 = married/partnered
  4. c) 0 = no children, 1 = children
  5. d) 0 = living alone, 1 = living with somebody
  6. e) 0 = secondary/advanced, 1 = university
  7. f) 0 = not infected with Sars CoV-2/ do not know, 1 = infected with Sars CoV-2
  8. g) 0 = close person not infected with Sars CoV-2/ do not know, 1 = close person infected with Sars CoV-2
  9. h) LoC measured by the IE-4 subscales LoC Internal and LoC External (range: 1–5)
  10. i) Acute psychological stress due to COVID-19 measured by the COVID-19 stress scale (range: 0–5)
  11. k) General mental distress measured by the PHQ-4 (range 0–12)