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Table 7 Descriptive statistics and differences of the independent variables

From: The COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ): psychometric evaluation and compliance with countermeasures in psychiatric inpatients and non-clinical individuals

  Clinical sample Non-clinical sample    
Subscales Mean (SD) range Mean (SD) range p SMD 95% CIbootstrapped
DASS-21
 General anxiety 12.02 (9.98) 0–40 6.58 (6.88) 0–28 < 0.001*** −0.605 − 0.83, − 0.38
R-GPTS
 Paranoia 10.04 (13.10) 0–61 9.96 (9.57) 0–47 0.958 −0.007 − 0.25, 0.28
CoPaQ
 COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs 3.49 (4.76) 0–19 3.50 (4.10) 0–16 0.976 0.004 −0.25, 0.28
 COVID-19 institutional & political trust 11.43 (4.88) 0–20 10.88 (6.20) 0–20 0.461 −0.098 −0.36, 0.16
 COVID-19 physical health risk factors 0.98 (1.17) 0–5 0.62 (1.19) 0–7 0.022* −0.304 −0.59, − 0.04
 COVID-19 contamination anxiety 5.93 (3.46) 0–16 6.61 (3.94) 0–16 0.169 0.183 −0.07, 0.44
  1. SD Standard Deviation, SMD Standardised Mean Difference, CIbootstrapped Confidence Intervalbootstrapped (5000 times)