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Table 2 Sociodemographic data, chronic disease data, and the percentage of survey subjects reporting depression

From: Relationship between chronic diseases and depression: the mediating effect of pain

Variable Total Depression ϰ2 P
  (n = 15,213) Yes No   
Sex (%)     371.019 0.000
 Male 49.19 26.43 73.57   
 Female 50.81 41.22 58.78   
Age (%)     35.807 0.000
 45–59 48.88 31.62 68.38   
 60–69 34.19 36.47 63.53   
 70–101 16.93 35.56 64.44   
Education (%)     543.129 0.000
 Uneducated 40.91 43.27 56.73   
 Primary school 24.34 33.23 66.77   
 Middle school 22.04 26.63 73.37   
 High school and above 12.61 17.87 82.13   
Marital status (%)     126.753 0.000
 Married 87.55 32.31 67.69   
 Unmarried 12.45 45.41 54.59   
Urbanity (%)     202.810 0.000
 Urban 38.91 27.09 72.91   
 Rural 61.09 38.31 61.69   
Employment status (%)     6.636 0.010
 Yes 59.73 34.76 65.24   
 No 40.27 32.74 67.26   
Insurance situation (%)     1.450 0.229
 Yes 86.85 33.76 66.24   
 No 13.15 35.13 64.87   
Chronic disease (%)     507.482 0.000
 No chronic disease 18.16 19.8 80.2   
 One chronic disease 26.6 28.29 71.71   
 Two or more chronic diseases 55.24 41.31 58.69   
Pain severity (%)     2556.176 0.000
 No pain 69.79 21.67 78.33   
 Mild pain 11.77 50.06 49.94   
 Moderate to severe pain 18.44 70.1 29.9   
Take steps to relieve pain (%)    0.001 0.974
 Yes 74.06 62.28 37.72   
 No 25.94 62.33 37.67