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Table 4 Incidence of depression in individuals with different pain and chronic disease states

From: Relationship between chronic diseases and depression: the mediating effect of pain

Variable Depression incidence (%) P
  No chronic disease One chronic disease Two or more chronic diseases  
Pain severity
 No pain 15.43 20.26 25.55 0.000
 Mild pain 42.79 47.58 52.42 0.016
 Moderate to severe pain 64.23 65.71 71.32 0.020
Take steps to relieve pain
 Yes 48.44 55.90 65.04 0.000
 No 54.17 59.11 64.63 0.041